Pub. Date:
Taylor & Francis
A History of the Modern Middle East / Edition 4

A History of the Modern Middle East / Edition 4

by William L Cleveland, Martin Bunton
Current price is , Original price is $54.95. You

Temporarily Out of Stock Online

Please check back later for updated availability.

This item is available online through Marketplace sellers.


This comprehensive work provides a penetrating analysis of modern Middle Eastern history, from the Ottoman and Egyptian reforms, through the challenge of Western imperialism, to the American invasion of Iraq and Iran’s new influence in the region. After introducing the reader to the region’s history from the origins of Islam in the seventh century, A History of the Modern Middle East focuses on the past two centuries of profound and often dramatic change. Although built around a framework of political history, the book also carefully integrates social, cultural, and economic developments into a single, expertly crafted account. In updating this fourth edition of the late William Cleveland’s popular introductory text, Martin Bunton addresses recent transformative developments in the Middle East, charting the decline in the peace prospects between Israelis and Palestinians, elaborating upon the resurgence of Islam, and devoting a new chapter to “America’s Troubled Moment in the Middle East,” which details the aftermath of the Iraq war and Iran’s nuclear ambitions.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813343747
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 01/04/2009
Edition description: Fourth Edition, Fourth Edition
Pages: 640
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.70(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

The late William L. Cleveland was professor of history at Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Martin Bunton is an associate professor of history at the University of Victoria, British Columbia. He is the author of Colonial Land Policies in Palestine, 1917–1936 (2007).

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Preface to the Fifth Edition xi

Acknowledgments xvii

A Note About Place Names and Transliteration xix

Part 1 The Development of Islamic Civilization to the Eighteenth Century 1

1 The Rise and Expansion of Islam 4

2 The Development of Islamic Civilization to the Fifteenth Century 18

3 The Ottoman and Safavid Empires: A New Imperial Synthesis 34

Part 2 The Beginnings of the Era of Transformation 53

4 Forging a New Synthesis: The Pattern of Reforms, 1789-1849 56

5 The Ottoman Empire and Egypt During the Era of the Tanzimat 75

6 Egypt and Iran in the Late Nineteenth Century 95

7 The Response of Islamic Society 109

8 The Era of the Young Turks and the Iranian Constitutionalists 122

9 World War I and the End of the Ottoman Order 137

Part 3 The Struggle for Independence: The Interwar Era to the End of World War II 159

10 Authoritarian Reform in Turkey and Iran 162

11 The Arab Struggle for Independence: Egypt, Iraq, and Transjordan from the Interwar Era to 1945 179

12 The Arab Struggle for Independence: Syria, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia from the Interwar Era to 1945 201

13 The Palestine Mandate and the Birth of the State of Israel 221

Part 4 The Independent Middle East from the End of World War II to the 1970s 253

14 Democracy and Authoritarianism: Turkey and Iran 255

15 The Middle East in the Age of Nasser: The Egyptian Base 280

16 The Middle East in the Age of Nasser: The Radicalization of Arab Politics 301

17 Israel and the Palestinians from 1948 to the 1970s 322

Part 5 The Resurgence of Islam: The Middle East from the 1970s to the 1991 Gulf War 345

18 The Iranian Revolution and the Revival of Islam 347

19 Changing Patterns of War and Peace: Egypt and Lebanon in the 1970s and 1980s 369

20 The Arabian Peninsula in the Petroleum Era 393

21 The Consolidation of Authoritarian Rule in Syria and Iraq: The Regimes of Hafiz al-Asad and Saddam Husayn 414

Part 6 Challenges to the Existing Order: The Middle East in the 1990s and 2000s 439

22 The Palestinian Intifada and the 1991 Gulf War 441

23 A Peace so Near, a Peace so Far: Palestinian-Israeli Relations Since the 1991 Gulf War 463

24 Patterns of Continuity and Change in Turkey, Iran, and Lebanon 487

25 Americas Troubled Moment in the Middle East 505

26 The 2011 Arab Uprisings 522

Glossary 541

Select Bibliography 545

Index 569

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

“This volume is history in the best sense. … A superbly written analysis of the social and political disruptions of the Middle East. This updated volume does an excellent job of weaving together various strands of a complex subject in a coherent narrative. It is recommended reading for all serious students who want to understand how the Middle East got to where it is today.”
—Phebe Marr, author of The Modern History of Iraq and fellow at the U.S. Institute for Peace

"This extensive and lucid book provides a laudable introduction to the political history of the Middle East, tracing its development from Islam's rise in the seventh century to the recent direct American military involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan. . . . Does a commendable job in linking historical events in fluid, logical narrative sequences that help readers unfamiliar with the Middle East connect the events."
—American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences

“This is the best comprehensive survey of modern Middle East history in the literature. The authors excel at translating complex and controversial subject matter in a highly readable manner without sacrificing cogent and insightful analysis. I highly recommend it.”
—David W. Lesch, professor of Middle East History, Trinity University

This excellent survey has been used in many colleges and universities as a standard text since its first edition...In this particularly turbulent period of history, this book should be of interest not only to students, but also to every citizen who has to make some judgment, one way or another, about the US role in the Middle East.


William L. Cleveland updates his text on modern Middle Eastern history in this third edition, focusing on political, social, economic, and ideological developments throughout the region. Cleveland makes it clear that this book is meant to be 'an examination of the past, not of the present or the future,' but reserves space in the Epilogue to discuss the ramifications of the September 11th terrorist attacks and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Middle East Journal


Highly recommended for anyone interested in a remarkably well-crafted introduction to the history, politics, and international relations of the Middle East.
International Journal



Lucidly written, well researched and an ideal work of introduction and reference for students of the region.
Middle Eastern Studies



Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews