Materials science as a discipline has its prime focus on the study of new materials, especially solid materials. This book explores the mechanical, optical, chemical properties of various materials along with their applications. The topics covered in this book include crystallography, polymers, composites, characterization techniques like calorimetry, neutron diffraction, etc. It also focuses on the industrial use of materials. Those in search of information to further their knowledge in this discipline will be greatly assisted by this book. This text is apt for students specializing in materials science and allied branches of science and engineering.