Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms, and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories

Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms, and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories

by Simon Winchester

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"Variably genial, cautionary, lyrical, admonitory, terrifying, horrifying and inspiring…A lifetime of thought, travel, reading, imagination and memory inform this affecting account." —Kirkus Reviews (starred review)

Blending history and anecdote, geography and reminiscence, science and exposition, New York Times bestselling author Simon Winchester tells the breathtaking saga of the Atlantic Ocean. A gifted storyteller and consummate historian, Winchester sets the great blue sea's epic narrative against the backdrop of mankind's intellectual evolution, telling not only the story of an ocean, but the story of civilization. Fans of Winchester's Krakatoa, The Man Who Loved China, and The Professor and the Madman will love this masterful, penetrating, and resonant tale of humanity finding its way across the ocean of history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780062020109
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date: 11/02/2010
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 528
Sales rank: 23,872
File size: 3 MB

About the Author

Simon Winchester is the acclaimed author of many books, including The Professor and the Madman, The Men Who United the States, The Map That Changed the World, The Man Who Loved China, A Crack in the Edge of the World, and Krakatoa, all of which were New York Times bestsellers and appeared on numerous best and notable lists. In 2006, Winchester was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) by Her Majesty the Queen. He resides in western Massachusetts.


New York; Massachusetts; Scotland

Date of Birth:

September 28, 1944

Place of Birth:

London, England


M.A., St. Catherine¿s College, Oxford, 1966

Table of Contents

List of Maps and Illustrations xiii

Preface: The Leaving of Liverpool 1

Prologue: The Beginnings of Its Goings On 39

1 From the Purple Isles of Mogador 69

2 All the Shoals and Deeps Within 134

3 Oh! The Beauty and the Might of It 203

4 Here the Sea of Pity Lies 284

5 They That Occupy Their Business on Great Waters 376

6 Change and Decay All Around the Sea 453

7 The Storm Surge Carries All Before 543

Epilogue: Falls the Shadow, Fades the Sea 607

Acknowledgments 635

A Glossary of Possibly Unfamiliar Terms 645

Bibliography 655

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Atlantic 3.3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 66 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This is a solid read for anyone interested in a broad history/geography of the Atlantic Ocean. Anyone fascinated by isolated islands, plate tectonics, and transportation will enjoy this book.
Hawkeye1939 More than 1 year ago
A lot of good information, but the presentation lacked. The author had a penchant for run-on sentences replete with commas, dashes, colons, semicolons, etc. that was very distracting. I found myself reading some sentences two or three times before getting the meaning out of them. Also, there were far too many grammatical lapses and factual inaccuracies for a finished publication. I don't know whether this is the fault of the author or the publisher, but such should not happen. Hire some proofreaders! Further distracting was the author's use of obscure English words, when simpler wording would have made the text more readable. If he was showing off his command of the English language, he overdid it. At least in my opinion.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Full disclosure - I did not finish the book, I didn't even make it very far. I got too hung up on poor scholarship presented as incontrovertible fact and lost faith that what I was reading was a history of the Atlantic as opposed to a yarn that may be interesting to fans of florid prose but wouldn't let facts get in the way of a good story. The realization (over multiple examples in the first few tens of pages) that I just couldn't trust what was in here ruined it for me.
RightTer More than 1 year ago
Extremely informative and well written. I'm pretty well read, but Winchester used a ton of words i had never seen before. I used my Nook dictionary overtime.
lothiriel2003 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Simon Winchester can write compelling and entertaining prose and I've enjoyed several of his books. This one, though is flawed by his blatant and dishonest bias against Christianity. One example of this is his treatment of John Newton. Winchester implies that Newton was a clergyman, hymn writer and slaver all at the same time and he never misses an opportunity to sneer at him. While it's true that Newton was a slaver and continued in the trade for a few years after his conversion, he did leave the trade and eventually became a preacher. Later, he supported Wilberforce in his campaign to abolish the slave trade. Quite a difference, but evidently there is no place for reform in Winchester 's world. I enjoy a good story, but prefer that it's honest. This and other examples of bias cause me to doubt the veracity and worth of the rest of the book.
RandyStafford on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
The "big picture" history book most popular these days is the magical mystery tour variety. These narratives combine a bunch of things - biography, science, cultural studies, geography, travelogue, personal essays, military studies, and traditional history - via a common nexus. It's usually, oddly, a food - cod, salt, coffee, spices.Winchester's nexus is a body of water, but it works the same way. Bored with one topic, 20 pages later you're on to a new one.I don't have anything against these kind of books, but, as the saying goes, "too many books, too little time". The only reason I read this one was Winchester's formal training as a geologist and his enjoyable The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology, a biography of biostratigraphy's inventor.And I wasn't disappointed. Winchester frames his story between the Atlantic's geological past and its projected future. In between, using the conceit of Shakespeare's Seven Ages of Man, we get the story of that ocean's influence on science, exploration, business, and warfare. That means, among other things, slavery, pirates, oceanography, whaling, Vikings, Basques, Spanish colonization, submarine warfare, Trafalgar, transatlantic flights, shipping containers, and the Skeleton Coast,My favorite parts were, besides the geology, the business section with the American development of packet ships and the laying of the first transatlantic submarine cables. I was also entertained by Winchester's personal reminisces of being a geology student literally stranded in the wilds of Greenland with the prospect of wintering there and a gloating Argentinean naval officer he met while imprisoned during the Falklands War.But it was all well written with no section too long to wear out your patience -- or satisfy a deep curiosity on a subject. That's the nature of these books.Winchester does address a couple of important contemporary issues. He gives an account on how the Newfoundland Bank cod fishery collapsed and the possibility of other fisheries being protected on the model of the British administration of the waters around South Georgia Island. He gives a nuanced look at the possible perils of global warming - while not unskeptically throwing his lot in with the anthropogenic warming crowd or faithfully thinking that carbon trading will work. He also shows, whatever the truth about global warming and its cause, it doesn't seem well linked to increased incidence of hurricanes.
mamzel on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
As much as this is a book abount all things Atlantic, it is also a tribute to men who for centuries battled the unknown, the elements, time, and each other on and below this body of water. Like many, I have ties to this ocean. I was born in Virginia (on the coast), grew up in the Caribbean, sailed sailboats and worked as a deck officer on freighters and tankers. This book transported me to all the nooks and crannies and back in time to when some amazing brave souls first attempted to leave the comfortable sight of land and cross the Atlantic. I really liked this book.
libri_amor on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
In Simon Winchester's latest book he takes on quite a challenge. How to you tell the story of something vast and multifaceted as the Atlantic Ocean? It is a testimony to Winchester's skill as a writer that he develops a novel approach and executes it for a very readable and engaging book, Atlantic.Winchester first choose to view the ocean as a living thing, not too unusual as mariners regularly take this view. But then Winchester hits on the brilliant idea to frame the Atlantic ocean in the seven ages of man. These ages were described in a monologue by William Shakespeare's character, Jacques, in As You Like It.These ages are: Infancy - first stirrings of human development on its shores Childhood - crossings and full fledge explorations Lover - the ocean beauty in art and literature Soldier - centuries as a stage for warfare Justice - basis of trade and international law Old Age - crossings are routine and resources no longer inexhaustible Mental dementia and death - climate change and humanity's changeIn each of these stages Winchester mixes the broad perspective with anecdotal stories to enliven the story and provide the reader with interesting facts.In summary, Simon Winchester has succeeded in taking on the story of the Atlantic.
chiarah on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
I loved the context Winchester gave to what was, in general, a very interesting set of facts and stories, many of which would be hard to fit into any type of anthology. What bothered me was the intense ethnocentricity of the book: after the first few chapters, the African continent becomes almost forgotten, and the importance and historic significance of the slave trade is ignored. Commerce and cultural development relating to the Caribbean as well, I believed, deserved a great deal more attention. In reference to the Spanish Basque presence in North America, I have read accounts that disagree with Winchester's, but I do not know who is correct.In general, however, I have to say that I thoroughly enjoyed what Winchester did choose to include as well as the framework he created for it.
GlennBell on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
The book is well written. The author used an analogy between stages of life and the stages of life for the Atlantic ocean. At times it is a bit boring but I like the latter emphasis on pollution, global warming, and eventual change of continents (tectonic movement). The history of conflict, slaving, and exploration was also interesting.
RobertP on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Good read on a subject little thought about.
elimatta on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
I enjoyed a few of his other books, but what went wrong with this one? He's like the student who has collected masses of material and can't stand the idea of abandoning any of it. It's all tossed together without any real structure (despite the seven ages folly). It's also full of mistakes, such as confusing east with west. It's a first draft then, the one in which everything is tossed in, waiting for the next, most tedious, stage, hard revision.I hate writing this review, because until now he was my favourite popular historian. I must admit I only reached page 148. Look at the Amazon reviews; that's a typical place for abandonment.
mkschoen on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Oh, dear, Simon Winchester, I think you have to stop being my literary boyfriend now. Someone get this man an editor, quickly. I've never skipped over so many pages of a book before.It's not that he hasn't dug up fascinating facts and interesting tidbits. It's just that it feels like he took all his notes on 3x5 cards, then threw them in a pile on the floor and wrote the book like that. I'm reading an interesting description of St. Helena, and then there are poems? A passing mention of how the first people to lay undersea cables were woefully unprepared for the peaks and valleys of the ocean floor, ok, yes, that's interesting tell about the problems that caused. No wait, now we're talking about Benjamin Franklin. The ocean as a lover? Oy.
mckait on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This book takes the reader on a journey not only across a body of water,but across time itself. It is not only a personal journey of the authors tofirst cross and then understand this body of water, but a story of the life of thesea and those whose lives are linked to it.Some of the most interesting points for me were the historical facts surroundingthe discovery of America itself. The men who crafted the boats that made theirway across what was then a much more treacherous body of water than we have today.More treacherous only because it was so unknown. Although the Atlantic is stilla force to be reckoned with, we do know and understand her a bit better.A map found in the fifties first seemed to point to the fact that it was the Norse to find Americafirst. This map ended up in the hands of Yale university, and this is where the real controversy began.Soon more maps and copies of a document drawn in 1570 was more important and more easily confirmed to be valid.Further investigation , years later.. found a Norse settlement on the northern tip of Newfoundland, of whatwere obviously Norse ruins. There was much here that I did not know. Amerigo Vespucci of course takes the prize, as North and South America where given his name after he publishes his account of a new continent being discovered, not just a bit of land or an island.The author manages to tell the tale of an ocean with style. Often amusing and always able to hold onto the readers interest. He brings forth poetry, art and even music as being influenced by the great Atlantic. Shakespeare himself is given credit for the Atlantic's role in his play The Tempest.We hear about islands once mapped that never existed. We are reminded of the effect of the Atlantic on business.Who for instance looks out onto that great expanse and thinks of the cables laid beneath the water?Finally, we are reminded that the world today is so much smaller than it once was. An unmapped body of water that was once unknown, is now crossed daily both by air and on the sea itself. Where once great and fearless explorers left their home ports to see if it was true that they might fall off the edge of the earth, today teenagers make ill advised crossings on their own. Or, at least make the attempt.Even though today we have learned so much more than was known when the Norse and the Spanish explorers made their way across its waters, the Atlantic is still a force to be reckoned with. Even though we now have the tools to find most of her secrets, I suspect that there will always be a few left for generations to come to discover. I confess that I never gave much thought to the life of the sea itself. Any musings I have had were centered on the life within the sea or around it. Reading this book by Winchester has opened up a whole new perspective for me.Finally, we see how climate changes are affecting the Atlantic and thus the planet. I suspect that this isone of the reasons this book was written. WE need to acknowledge and try to understand that the effects that we have on the planet are fall from small, and will most likely have some serious effects on our way of life before much more time has passed.
JeffV on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
A fluffy, flowery book, English journalist Simon Winchester waxes poetic about the sea he first crossed by ship more than 50 years ago. Passionate about his subject, Winchester at times has found himself embroiled in part of the historical record of things that occurred in or around the ocean: particularly the warfare part when he was detained in Argentina as a spy during the Falklands War. Atlantic covers the military history, from the Vikings to the Spanish to raiders including the illustrious saga of the Graf Spee in WW2. It covers the natural history from it's creation upon the breakup of Pangaea, and forecasts the ocean's demise when the continents once again collide to form Pangaea II. Environmental history is also discussed, including the overfishing that has killed the Grand Banks and other formerly productive fisheries. Winchester also tells us various odds-and-ends, about the remote island of St. Helena where an exiled Napoleon died, about the terrible seas of Cape Horn and Tierra del Fuego. About Charles Darwin's journey -- and the disastrous American equivalent, the "Ex Ex." Winchester also laments how air travel has shrunk this once-formidable barrier to an almost-trivial entity thanks to high speed air travel. Flowery prose annoys me, and Winchester uses way too much of it. Bits and pieces were of interest, but overall, it is non-fiction brain candy -- I didn't really learn anything new from this book. This is, however, partly because of the realization that I am already highly educated when it comes to this particular body of water -- I"m not so sure I could say the same regarding a similar book written about any other ocean. If you're not sure whether or not you fully understand this great body of water, then give this book a shot.
drneutron on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Oceans have always held a certain mystique for me. I've lived most of my life around the Chesapeake Bay, tidewater Virginia and the Gulf of Mexico, so there's something in me that resonates with the waves. Spending time on the water is something I rarely get to do, but always attracts me, and one of these days I'm going to learn to sail. So when Simon Winchester, author of the excellent Krakatoa among many others, wrote a biography of the Atlantic Ocean, it didn't take long to add it to my reading list.Winchester calls this book a biography and uses the Shakespearean ages of man to frame the story of human interaction with the Atlantic through early history through modern day and into the near future. It's an interesting approach - treating this geological feature as a living entity that changes and grows and ages - that allows for discussion of how *we've* changed in our thoughts, beliefs and uses of the Atlantic. This approach runs the risk of anthropomorphizing an inanimate collection of chemistry, geology and biology, but Winchester doesn't fall into that trap. The book's more about us than about the ocean.The other risk of such a work is the potential for descent into polemic. Any discussion of the history of human interaction with the Atlantic naturally has to touch on climate change and the impact of centuries of sometimes thoughtless or uncaring use of the resources there. Winchester doesn't flinch from subjects like the annihilation of cod fishing off Newfoundland from incredibly stupid resource management, but he also tells when the opposite is true - like the protection of the fish marketed as Chilean sea bass off the Falkland Islands. There's also a nice discussion of documentable changes in the Atlantic that are related to warming in the atmosphere and water and how these changes affect human both on the water and on land; this discussion stays factual and makes it clear that there's a lot we don't understand about the connection between greenhouse gas buildup and changes in the Atlantic, but also clearly makes the point that there is indeed a connection.At the end of the day, Winchester leaves the Atlantic in an unknown place. We don't know what the end result of human-induced changes will be. We don't know how natural cycles will affect the ocean as we know it now. We seem to be changing our priorities in interacting with the ocean and in how we manage resources, but it may be too late to fix some problems. Ultimately, though, the Atlantic will be here long after we are - until the continents shift enough to rearrange the face of the Earth.
Unkletom on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
A book about the Atlantic Ocean sounds like an undertaking as vast and turbulent as the subject itself. One previous attempt to document what is known about the Atlantic took up 80 volumes. Can an author as renowned as Simon Winchester tell us all the important things we need to know about this mighty ocean and bring it in at fewer than 500 pages? Winchester's decision to focus on the relationship between man and Atlantic Ocean may seem wise or even necessary considering the immensity of the topic but I found that it limited his ability to write about what he is best at. As a geologist with an abiding love of the English language, it's been said that Winchester's words can breathe life into rocks but can also turn humans to stone. In 'Krakatoa' and 'A Crack in the Edge of the World' his descriptions of the natural forces precipitating the explosion of Krakatoa and the San Francisco earthquake have left indelible visual images in my mind years after reading them. What he said about the people involved and their activities, though, I have largely forgotten. The Atlantic Ocean has always inspired a sense of excitement. It is the source of so many great stories. The book's subtitle, 'Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories', certainly wants us to believe that all this is in store if we only plop down our money and buy the book. Does the book tell of battles, discoveries and storms? Yes. Do Winchester's descriptions make them sound great, heroic and titanic? Sadly, no. Unfortunately, Winchester is not an author who is likely to gain many fans from impatient readers. I found the first half of the book almost tedious which is amazing considering how many of the Atlantic's stories are really thrilling. The bottom line is that I found 'Atlantic' informative, but not inspiring. My recommendation to prospective readers is to pick a subject you are interested in and find a book that better addresses it. If you are interested in storms, read Junger's 'Perfect Storm'. If New World settlement interests you, read Philbrick's 'Mayflower'.
twp77 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This is an excellent history of the Atlantic by Winchester. The way he tells the story is not necessarily in date order but rather from using bits and pieces of a poem from Jacques describing the stages of life itself.What follows is not a linear narrative but one replete with historical triumphs and tragedies, heroism and mundane existence and Winchester's personal anecdotes all residing near or within the waters of this great ocean.Though it ends on a rather pessimistic note about the environmental fate of the Atlantic in recent years, there is something eternal in the fact that this immense body of water ever existed at all and, as with every living thing, will cease to exist again.
jcbrunner on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
The concept of this book about the English lake sounds much better than the finished product. Man is a land-based animal, so Winchester ends up writing about the places that border on the Atlantic rather than the ocean itself. He also restricts himself to the English-speaking parts. Africa and Latin America have to take a backseat to the Falkland Islands. Some stories are better told elsewhere, some actually botched by Winchester. The battle of Trafalgar happened after a desperate chase across the Atlantic and back, all of it omitted by Winchester.Winchester shows the growth of connections (ships, cables, planes) between Europe and America but neglects to mention that the Atlantic acts as a huge barrier. Trade within America and within Europe is massively larger than the trade between those regions. The biology of the Atlantic is also not given sufficient space. What are the highlights and specialties of that ocean? Compared to the more intimate portraits of the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic described by Winchester remains an amorphous and indistinct beast.Overall, a very weak effort. Winchester is coasting off into the sunset.
jmgallen More than 1 year ago
How do you tell the life story of an ocean? Simon Winchester undertook this challenge in “Atlantic” and did it exceptionally well. This book approaches its subject from every conceivable angle. It examines the geological forces that made and are constantly reshaping it, the changing climate that regulates its level, currents and breezes and the animals that live within it. There are the people explored it, extracted its wealth, traded and migrated across it, built cities on its shores, developed its islands and fly over it. This is the saga of its bounty and despoliation, its triumphs and tragedies and the civilizations that it has molded. The author’s writing style weaves earth science, marine biology and social history into a tome that seizes and holds the reader’s attention. I learned a lot from this book and am sure that you will too.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This is probably an interesting, perhaps fascinating, book. It is probably unfair that I write that it depresses me when I'm told twice within the first several pages that humanity is doomed and will become extinct. I don't want to read it. I'd like to think humanity will figure a way out. So, sorry, I was looking for history of the Atlantic Ocean, not this author's gloom and doom.
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