ISBN-10:
1589010620
ISBN-13:
9781589010628
Pub. Date:
11/01/2005
Publisher:
Georgetown University Press
Belmont Revisited: Ethical Principles for Research with Human Subjects / Edition 1

Belmont Revisited: Ethical Principles for Research with Human Subjects / Edition 1

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Overview

Research on human subjects has always been a highly controversial topic in the field of bioethics. The book, featuring contributions from a Who's Who of biothics scholars, analyzes the seminal document on the topic in the United States: the 1979 Belmont Report, widely regarded as the single-most influential set of guidelines in the practice of bioethics.The Belmont Report is a 20-page statement that spells out the rationale for ethical research on humans, concluding that three primary principles are at play: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice. Since the publication of Belmont these three principles, spelled out further by philosopher Tom Beauchamp and ethicist James Childress and known as the "Georgetown mantra," have dominated all discussions of research on human subjects--though, as this book will show, not everyone agrees that this is the most helpful way to think about the matter. In fact, this book is both a broad overview of the evolution of the Belmont Report and, more important, 1) an assessment of its shortcomings and 2) a strong call to rethink how hospitals and pharmaceutical companies can conduct research more humanely and more ethically. So while the book looks back to the creation of Belmont, it also looks forward to the future of research. Contributors, in addition to the editors, include Alexander Capron, Ruth Faden, Eric Cassell, Karen Lebacqz, Larry Churchill, Robert Levine, Patricia King (Georgetown), Susan Sherwin, Ezekiel Emanuel, Robert Veach (Georgetown), Henry Richardson (Georgetown), John Evans.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781589010628
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
Publication date: 11/01/2005
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 296
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

James F. Childress is the John Allen Hollingsworth Professor of Ethics at the University of Virginia.

Eric M. Meslin is director of the Indiana University Center for Bioethics.

Harold T. Shapiro is president emeritus, Princeton University and a professor of economics and public affairs in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.

Table of Contents

Introduction

PART I: BACKGROUND AND ORIGINS OF THE BELMONT REPORT 1. On the Origins and Future of the Belmont Report Albert R. Jonsen 2. The Origins and Evolution of the Belmont ReportTom L. Beauchamp

PART II: THE BELMONT PRINCIPLES: INFLUENCE & APPLICATION3. The Dog in the Night-Time: Or the Curious Relationship of the Belmont Report and the President's Commission Alexander M. Capron 4. Beyond Belmont: Trust, Openness, and the Work of the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation ExperimentsRuth R. Faden, Anna Mastroianni, and Jeffrey P. Kahn

5. Relating to History: The Influence of the National Commission and Its Belmont Report on the National Bioethics Advisory CommissionHarold T. Shapiro and Eric M. Meslin

6. The Principles of the Belmont Report: How Have Respect for Persons, Beneficence, and Justice Been Applied in Clinical Medicine?Eric J. Cassell

Part III: THE BELMONT PRINCIPLES: POSSIBILITIES, LIMITATIONS, AND UNRESOLVED QUESTIONS7. We Sure We Are Older But Are We Wiser?Karen Lebacqz

8. Toward a More Robust Autonomy: Revisiting the Belmont ReportLarry R. Churchill

9. The National Commission's Ethical Principles With Special Attention to BeneficenceRobert J. Levine

10. Justice beyond BelmontPatricia A. King

11. Belmont Revisited Through a Feminist LensSusan Sherwin

12. Protecting Communities in Research: From a New Principle to Rational ProtectionsEzekiel J. Emanuel and Charles Weijer

13. Ranking, Balancing, or Simultaneity: Resolving Conflicts Among the Belmont PrinciplesRobert M. Veatch

14. Specifying, Balancing, and Interpreting Bioethical PrinciplesHenry S. Richardson

15. Max Weber Meets the Belmont Report: Toward a Sociological Interpretation of PrinciplismJohn H. Evans

Epilogue: Looking Back to Look Forward
James F. Childress

Appendix: The Belmont Report

Contributors

Index

What People are Saying About This

Edmund D. Pellegrino

Twenty-five years after publication, the Belmont Report and the principles it espoused remain the most influential events in biomedical research worldwide. These retrospective reflections, by participants in the report’s formulations, offer frank and updated insights into the genesis and evolution of the report—and especially of its three famous principles. Given today’s renewed scrutiny of human subject research, these essays will interest clinical investigators, policymakers, legislators and the general public.

Daniel Callahan

There can be little doubt that the 1979 Belmont Report was a key document in the development of national policy on human subject research. Its history and its importance are too little known. This book, a splendid and probing collection about the Report, is an important study, readable and interesting. Human subject research remains a difficult and contentious area. This book helps to show why, and will help to bring greater light to the ongoing debate.

From the Publisher

"There can be little doubt that the 1979 Belmont Report was a key document in the development of national policy on human subject research. Its history and its importance are too little known. This book, a splendid and probing collection about the Report, is an important study, readable and interesting. Human subject research remains a difficult and contentious area. This book helps to show why, and will help to bring greater light to the ongoing debate."—Daniel Callahan, director of international programs, The Hastings Center

"Twenty-five years after publication, the Belmont Report and the principles it espoused remain the most influential events in biomedical research worldwide. These retrospective reflections, by participants in the report's formulations, offer frank and updated insights into the genesis and evolution of the report—and especially of its three famous principles. Given today's renewed scrutiny of human subject research, these essays will interest clinical investigators, policymakers, legislators and the general public."—Edmund D. Pellegrino, MD, Chair, President's Council on Bioethics, 2005-2009, and professor emeritus of medicine and medical ethics, Center for Clinical Bioethics, Georgetown University Medical Center

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