Botanists and Zoologists

Botanists and Zoologists

by Dean Miller




Botanists and Zoologists profiles thirty-five representative figures in the history of botany and zoology, including John James Audubon, Charles Darwin, Rachel Carson, Carl Linnaeus, Steven Jay Gould, Charles G. Sibley, and so many more. The book is also filled with sidebars that provide a simple snapshot introduction to key topics within the fields, as well as detailed illustrations to help reinforce concepts and experiments. Readers looking for a deeper understanding of the life and times of the greatest minds in these two fields need look no further than Botanists and Zoologists.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781627125574
Publisher: Cavendish Square
Publication date: 01/01/2014
Series: Cavendish Square Great Scientists Series
Pages: 128
Product dimensions: 8.10(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 14 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction 5

Louis Agassiz 8

Agassiz's "Discourse of Neuchatel" 9

John James Audubon 10

Artist, Ornithologist, and Inspiration to Conservationists 12

Comte de Buffon (Georges-Louis Leclerc) 14

The Importance of the Histoire Naturelle 15

Luther Burbank 17

Burbank and the Science of Genetics 18

Melvin Calvin 20

The Conversion of Carbon Dioxide to Sugar in Photosynthesis 22

Rachel Carson 23

A Call to Protect Earth 24

George Washington Carver 26

The Peanut and Its Uses 27

Baron Georges Cuvier 29

Catastrophism 30

Classification 31

Charles Darwin 32

Evolution by Means of Natural Selection 34

Paul R. Ehrlich 36

The Human Overpopulation Problem 37

Karl von Frisch 39

Bee Communication Through Waggle Dancing 41

Luigi Galvani 42

Galvanic Electriciy 43

Stephen Jay Gould 44

Punctuated Equilibrium: Sporadic Evolution Versus Gradual Evolution 46

Asa Gray 47

The Floras of Japan and Eastern North America 49

Albrecht von Haller 51

On the Nature of Muscle and Nerve Tissue 52

Hildegard of Bingen 53

Hildegard and the Science of the Middle Ages 55

Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin 56

Action Potentials in Nerves 57

Robert Huber 59

Food and Population 60

Baron Alexander von Humboldt 61

The Decrease of Magnetic Forces from the Poles to the Equator 63

Ernest Everett Just 65

Fertilization and Parthenogenesis 67

August Krogh 68

Oxygen, Blood Flow, and the Capillaries 69

Louis O. Kunkel 71

Aster Yellows Disease 72

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck 73

Lamarck's Theory of Evolution and Philosophical Outlook 75

Sir Edwin Ray Lankester 77

Working Out Evolutionary Relationships 78

Carolus Linnaeus 79

The Binomial Name and Classification System 81

Konrad Lorenz 83

Nature or Nurture? 84

Maria Sibylla Merian 86

Studies of Tropical Insects 88

Karl Wilhelm von Nageli 89

Apical Cells and Plant Growth 91

John Ray 92

Taxonomy 93

René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur 95

The Science of Bees 96

Sir Ronald Ross 97

The Transmission of Malaria 99

Matthias Jakob Schleiden 100

The Cell Theory and Scientific Botany 102

Charles G. Sibley 103

The DNA-Based Classification of Birds 105

William Smith 107

The Principle of Fossil Succession 109

Theophrastus 110

The First Botanist 112

Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov 114

Centers of Diversity of Cultivated Plants 116

Edward O. Wilson 117

Ant Pheromones Trigger Behavioral Events 119

Biogeography 120

Sociobiology and Altruism 121

Glossary 122

Index 124

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