Pub. Date:
Facts on File, Incorporated
Changing Ecosystems

Changing Ecosystems

by Julie Kerr Casper


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Global Warming is a seven-volume set that describes the most critical issues concerning this timely subject and explains in up-to-date detail the scientific principles involved. Each volume reviews the cause-and-effect relationships that impact the environment worldwide on daily, annual, and even longer time bases. Designed to complement science curricula, the books cover the spectrum of important climatic issues, helping the reader to build a solid foundation of knowledge with which to approach important topics related to global warming.

Changing Ecosystems: Effects of Global Warming is a provocative look at how human activities affect the distribution of species and their critical habitats, increase the occurrence of severe weather and droughts, contribute to rising sea levels, and instigate myriad health and quality-of-life issues. The book examines the far-reaching effects of global warming on ecosystems and illustrates the many ways that people can become more eco-responsible now and in the future. Citing actual examples and multinational statistics, figures, and case studies, sidebars in the book enhance fundamental concepts and give the reader a sense of the urgency of the situation.

The volume includes information on



economic challenges



the impact of global warming on ecosystems

marine ecosystems

mountain ecosystems

polar ecosystems

rangelands, grasslands, and prairies

The book contains more than 40 color photographs and line illustrations, sidebars, a chronology, an appendix of global warming information sites, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. GlobalWarming is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who wish to learn about important climatic issues and their impact on the environment and society worldwide.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816072637
Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/01/2009
Series: Global Warming Series
Pages: 254
Product dimensions: 7.60(w) x 9.40(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range: 14 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Acknowledgments xii

Introduction xiv

1 Signs and Effects of Global Warming 1

The Effects of Global Warming on Ecosystems 2

Scientific Findings 7

Observed and Expected Effects on Ecosystems 10

Why a Few Degrees Matter 14

Results of Global Warming on Ecosystems 15

2 Ecosystems, Adaptation, and Extinction 21

Biodiversity and Ecosystems 21

The Effects of Climate Change on Ecosystems 21

Impacts, Vulnerability, and Adaptation 35

Preservation Issues 44

The Impacts of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change 46

3 Impacts to Forests 49

Temperate Forests 50

Birds, Gardens, and Global Warming 60

Katrina and the Carbon Balance 63

Boreal Forests 65

Tropical Forests 67

Adaptation 75

4 Impacts to Rangelands, Grasslands, and Prairies 77

The Importance of Grasslands 78

Impacts of Global Warming 80

Some Surprises 82

Grasslands around the World 84

Adaptation 90

5 Impacts on Polar Ecosystems 91

Arctic Ecosystems 92

Arctic Impacts 95

The Bear Facts 103

The Threatened and Endangered Species Act 104

TESS 108

Permafrost 109

Shifting Vegetation Zones 110

Antarctic Ecosystems 111

Wildlife 112

Adaptation 116

6 Impacts to Desert Ecosystems 120

Desert Habitats 121

Drought 123

Threatened Deserts 127

Desertification 131

The Straight Facts about Desertification 138

Heat Waves 140

Wildfires 143

Southern California on Fire 145

7 Impacts to Mountain Ecosystems 147

Mountain Ecosystems in Danger Worldwide 148

Lack of Water Storage 150

Glaciers and Flooding 154

A Species Threatened: The Rocky Mountain Pika 156

Challenges in Alpine Regions 158

Economic Challenges 159

Case Study-White Mountains, New England162

Major Cities Target Global Warming 163

8 Impacts to Marine Ecosystems 169

Temperature Marine Environments 169

Tropical Marine Environments 184

Freshwater Environments 191

Why Estuaries Are Important to the Environment 192

9 Conclusions-Where to Go from Here 198

Adaptation 199

Conclusion Drawn/Lessons Learned 200

Ways to Help 203

Chronology 204

Glossary 210

Further Resources 216

Index 247

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