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Facts on File, Incorporated
Chemistry of New Materials

Chemistry of New Materials

by David E. Newton


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Chemistry of New Materials is an introduction to the evolution of materials research and an exploration of scientific breakthroughs that have and will affect human civilization. The volume reviews the revolutionary advances made in the creation of new materials, ranging from everyday consumer products to medical and safety devices for home and travel. Chemistry of New Materials contains information on: biomaterials, the "birth" of modern chemistry, composites in nature and human history, the "discovery" of new materials, the evolution of materials, nanotechnology, powder and chemical tests, smart materials. This volume contains more than 30 black-and-white photographs and line illustrations, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Web resources, and an index. The New Chemistry is an essential set for students, teachers, and general readers who require information on the intriguing science of chemistry.

About the Author:
David E. Newton, Ph.D., was a professor of chemistry and physics at Salem State College for 15 years, and was an adjunct professor in the College of Professional Studies at the University of San Francisco for 10 years

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816052783
Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date: 08/28/2007
Series: New Chemistry Series
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range: 11 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Preface     vii
Introduction     ix
The Evolution of Materials     1
Early Materials     1
The Birth of Modern Chemistry and the Discovery of New Materials     5   John Wesley Hyatt (1837-1920)     10
New Metals on Demand     12   Sir Henry Bessemer (1813-1898)     14
The Future of Materials Research     18
Composites     20
The Nature of Composites     20
Composites in Nature     22
Composites in Human History     24
Advanced Composites     25   Stephanie Kwolek (1923- )     26
Applications of Advanced Composites     32$dOwens-Corning Fiberglas     36
Biomaterials     40
History of Biomaterials     41
Tissue Engineering     45   Ioannis V. Yannas (1935- )     48
Replacement Parts     52
Artificial Blood     62   Thomas Chang (1933- )     63
Nanomaterials     68
What Is Nanotechnology?     69   Richard Feynman (1918-1988)     70
Drexlerian Nanotechnology     73
Reactions to Drexler Nanotechnology     76   K. Eric Drexler (1955- )     78
Risks and Benefits of Nanotechnology     80
Nanotechnology Research Tools     81
Results of Nanoscale Research     93
Smart Materials     105
What Are Smart Materials?     106
Types of Smart Materials     109
Piezoelectric and Electrostrictive Materials     110
Magnetostrictive Materials     120
Electrorheological and Magnetorheological Effects     125   Jacob Rabinow (1910-1999)     126
Shape Memory Alloys     130
Photochromism     136
Intelligent Gels     141   Toyoichi Tanaka (1946-2000)     142
New Polymers     149
Polymers from Addition Reactions     151
Polymers from Condensation Reactions     154
Thermoplastic and Thermosetting Polymers     159
Recent Developments in Polymer Science     162
Conductive Polymers     162   Hideki Shirakawa (1936- )     164
Dendrimers and Hyperbranched Polymers     170
Synthetic Proteins     178   David A. Baker (1962- )      186
Conclusion     190
Glossary     193
Bibliography     201
Index     205

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