by Dean Miller




Chemists profiles more than four dozen representative figures in the history of chemistry, including Marie Curie, Linus Pauling, Svante Arrhenius, Dimitri Mendeleev, John Dalton, Georg Wittig, and so many more. The book is also filled with sidebars that provide a simple snapshot introduction to key topics within the field, as well as detailed illustrations to help reinforce concepts and experiments. Readers looking for a deeper understanding of the life and times of the greatest minds in this field need look no further than Chemists.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781627125543
Publisher: Cavendish Square
Publication date: 01/01/2014
Series: Cavendish Square Great Scientists Series
Pages: 160
Product dimensions: 8.10(w) x 10.10(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 14 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction 4

Svante A. Arrhenius 8

Arrhenius' Ionic Hypothesis 9

The Arrhenius Equation 10

Sir Derek H. R. Barton 11

The Shape and Movement of Carbon Molecules 13

Antoine-Henri Becquerel 14

Radioactivity 16

Claude Louis Berthollet 18

Chemical Affinity 19

Jöns Jacob Berzelius 20

Notation and Compound Formation 22

Joseph Black 23

The Nature of Heat 25

Robert Boyle 26

Boyle's Law 28

Henry Cavendish 29

The Determination of the Value for the Gravitational Constant 31

Sir John Cornforth 32

Stereochemical Road Maps 33

Donald J. Cram 35

Host-Guest Chemistry 36

Marie Curie 37

Radioactivity 39

Polonium and Radium 40

John Dalton 41

Dalton's Atomic Theory 43

Sir Humphry Davy 44

Electrochemical Work and Electrolysis 46

Peter J. W. Debye 47

Dipole Moments 49

Jean-Baptiste-André Dumas 50

The Formation of Organic Molecules 52

Ernst Otto Fischer 53

Ferrocene and the Metallocenes 54

Paul J. Flory 55

Exploring the Conformation of Polymer Chains 57

Kenichi Fukui 58

Frontier Orbitals Theory 60

Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac 61

The Law of Combining Volumes 62

William Francis Giauque 63

Cooling by Adiabatic Demagnetization 65

The Third Law of Thermodynamics 66

Otto Hahn 67

The Discovery of Uranium Fission 68

Irène Joliot-Curie 70

The Artificial Production of Radioactive Elements 72

Percy Lavori Julian 74

The Synthesis of Large Molecules 75

Irving Langmuir 76

Surface Chemistry 78

Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier 79

The Chemical Revolution 80

Jean-Marie Lehn 82

Supramolecular Chemistry 83

Gilbert N. Lewis 85

Atomic Structure 87

Thermodynamics 88

William N. Lipscomb 89

Bonding in Boranes 90

Edwin Mattison McMillan 91

The Discovery of Element 93 93

Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev 94

The Periodic Law 97

Robert S. Mulliken 98

Molecular Orbitals 99

Walther Hermann Nernst 100

Heat Theorem 102

George A. Olah 103

Superacids Stabilize Carbocations 104

Linus Pauling 105

Pauling's Discoveries on the Nature of the Chemical Bond 107

Vladimir Prelog 109

Naming Chiral Compounds 110

Joseph Priestley 111

Oxygen and the Overthrow of the Phlogiston Theory 113

Ellen Swallow Richards 114

Applied Analytical Chemistry 116

Sir Robert Robinson 117

The Natural Products Chemistry of Alkaloids 119

Ernest Rutherford 120

The Nucleus and the Structure of the Atom 122

Glenn Theodore Seaborg 123

Discovering Transuranium Elements 125

Nikolai Semenov 126

Chain Reactions and the Theory of Combustion 128

Richard E. Smalley 129

Fullerenes: A New Form of Carbon 130

Frederick Soddy 132

The Disintegration Theory 133

Henry Taube 134

The Mechanism of an Electron Transfer Reaction 136

Moddie Daniel Taylor 137

Separating Plutonium from Uranium 138

Harold Clayton Urey 139

The Discovery of Deuterium and Its Implications 140

Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff 142

The Structure and Movement of Molecules 144

Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson 145

Sandwich Compounds 146

Georg Wittig 147

The Wittig Reaction 149

Friedrich Wöher 150

The Synthesis of Urea 151

Glossary 153

Index 155

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