ISBN-10:
0815714130
ISBN-13:
9780815714132
Pub. Date:
02/01/1993
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Cleaning Up the Mess: Implementation Strategies in Superfund / Edition 1

Cleaning Up the Mess: Implementation Strategies in Superfund / Edition 1

by Thomas W. Church, Robert T. Nakamura

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Overview


The federal Superfund program for cleaning up America's inactive toxic waste sites is noteworthy not only for its enormous cost - $15.2 billion has been authorized thus far - but also for its unique design. The legislation that created Superfund provided the Environmental Protection Agency with a diverse set of policy tools. Preeminent among them is a civil liability scheme that imposes responsibility for multimillion dollar cleanups on businesses and government units linked - even tangentially - to hazardous waste sites. Armed with this potent policy implement, the agency can order the parties who are legally responsible for the toxic substances at a site to clean it up, with large fines and damages for failure to comply. EPA can also offer conciliatory measures to bring about voluntary, privately financed cleanup; or it can launch a cleanup initially paid for by Superfund and later force the responsible parties to reimburse the government.

In this book, Thomas W. Church and Robert T. Nakamura provide the first in-depth study of Superfund operations at hazardous waste sites. They examine six Superfund cleanups, including three regions and both 'hard' and 'easy' sites, to ask 'what works?' Based on detailed case studies, the book describes various strategies that have been applied by government regulators and lawyers and the responses to those different strategies by businesses and local government officials.

The authors characterize the implementation strategies used by the EPA as prosecution, accommodation, and public works. They point out that the choice of strategy involves setting priorities among Superfund's competing objectives. They conclude that the best implementation strategy is one that considers the context of each site and the particular priorities in each case. Looking toward the reauthorization of Superfund, they also offer recommendations for improvements in the organization of the program and discuss proposals for change in its liability scheme.


Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780815714132
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Publication date: 02/01/1993
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 223
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.51(d)
Lexile: 1540L (what's this?)

About the Author

Thomas W. Church is a professor of Political Science and Public Policy at the Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy of the State University of New York at Albany. He has published published extensively on environmental policy, court reform, and the nexus of law and policy. Robert T. Nakamura is a professor of Political Science and Public Policy at the Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy of the State University of New York at Albany. His research has focused on environmental policy and policy implementation.


Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Part 1Program Design
1.Introduction3
Statutory Framework4
Competing Strategies for Superfund Implementation8
A Case Study Approach to Superfund13
2.Superfund's Tool Kit17
Policy Tools18
Implementation Strategies in Superfund21
Goals35
Part 2Case Studies
3.Prosecution43
Regional Characteristics and Strategic Choices43
Laskin Poplar47
Cliffs Dow59
Assessing the Prosecution Strategy64
4.Accommodation67
Regional Characteristics and Strategic Choices67
Tybouts Corner Landfill71
Harvey and Knott Drum84
Assessing the Accommodation Strategy93
5.Public Works95
Regional Characteristics and Strategic Choices96
Lee's Lane Landfill100
Davis Farm107
Assessing the Public Works Strategy112
Part 3Cleaning Up the Mess
6.What Works?117
Examining the Approaches119
Lessons135
7.Ruminations on Reform143
The Complexity of Joint Action146
Superfund's Liability System162
Conclusion: Homilies from Superfund on "Making Privatization Work"168
Glossary173
Notes177
Index205

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