ISBN-10:
0393958493
ISBN-13:
9780393958492
Pub. Date:
12/28/2000
Publisher:
Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Darwin: A Norton Critical Edition / Edition 3

Darwin: A Norton Critical Edition / Edition 3

by Charles Darwin, Philip Appleman
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Overview

"The best Darwin anthology on the market" (Stephen Jay Gould, Harvard) has just become better, in this newly revised version of the now classic Norton Critical Edition, first published in 1970.


The impact of Charles Darwin’s work on Western civilization has been broad and deep. As much as anyone in the modern era, he changed human thought, and his influence is still felt in virtually all aspects of our lives. This new edition, larger and more varied than the previous ones, includes more of Darwin's own work and also presents the most recent research and scholarship on all aspects of Darwin’s legacy. The biological sciences, as well as social thought, philosophy, ethics, religion, and literature, have all been shaped and reshaped by evolutionary concepts.


Excerpts from the most important books and articles of recent years confirm this Darwinian heritage. New work by Richard Dawkins, Edward O. Wilson, Kevin Padian, Eugene C. Scott, Steven Pinker, Daniel Dennett, Michael Ruse, Frans de Waal, Noretta Koertge, George C. Williams, George Levine, Stephen Jay Gould, Gillian Beer, Ernst Mayr, and many others illuminates this exciting intellectual history. A wide-ranging new introduction by the editor provides context and coherence to this rich body of engaging material, much of which will be shaping human thought well into the new century.


This edition will be useful to scientists and historians alike: "The Norton Darwin explains Darwinian evolution and illustrates the social and intellectual conflicts of the past two centuries better than any other book that I am aware of." (Charles Taylor, Professor of Biology, Ecology, and Evolution, University of California, Los Angeles)


And it will be of great value to the humanities and social sciences as well: "The edition provides the sharpest and most exciting access to Darwin we have ever had. It shows all of us interested in the heart of our intellectual heritage how that heritage is sustained, manipulated, and honored." (James R. Kincaid, Aerol Arnold Professor of English, University of Southern California)


A Selected Bibliography and an Index are included.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780393958492
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 12/28/2000
Series: Norton Critical Editions Series
Edition description: Third Edition
Pages: 720
Sales rank: 190,645
Product dimensions: 5.70(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range: 14 - 17 Years

About the Author

Naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) is the father of evolution. His groundbreaking The Origin of Species argued that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection. As much as anyone in the modern era, Darwin has changed the course of human thought.

Philip Appleman is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Indiana University, where he was a founding editor of Victorian Studies. He is the author of a book on overpopulation, The Silent Explosion and coeditor of 1859: Entering an Age of Crisis. He has also published three novels and several volumes of poetry.

Date of Birth:

February 12, 1809

Date of Death:

April 19, 1882

Place of Birth:

Shrewsbury, England

Place of Death:

London, England

Education:

B.A. in Theology, Christ¿s College, Cambridge University, 1831

Table of Contents

Prefacexv
Part IIntroduction1
Darwin: On Changing the Mind (2000)3
Part IIDarwin's Life21
Who Is Darwin? (1991)23
Part IIIScientific Thought: Just before Darwin31
Biology before the Beagle (1964)33
An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798)39
Natural Theology (1802)41
Zoological Philosophy (1809)44
Principles of Geology (1830-33)49
The Study of Natural Philosophy (1830)52
Astronomy and General Physics Considered with Reference to Natural Theology (1833)57
On the Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type (1858)61
Part IVSelections from Darwin's Work65
The Voyage of the Beagle (1845)67
Chapter I.St. Jago--Cape de Verd Islands67
Chapter XVII.Galapagos Archipelago67
On the Tendency of Species to Form Varieties; and On the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection (1858)82
I.Extract from an unpublished Work on Species, by C. Darwin, Esq.82
II.Abstract of a Letter from C. Darwin, Esq., to Prof. Asa Gray, Boston, U.S., dated Down, September 5th, 185785
An Historical Sketch of the Progress of Opinion on the Origin of Species, previously to the Publication of This Work (1861)87
The Origin of Species (1859)95
Introduction95
Chapter I.Variation under Domestication98
Chapter II.Variation under Nature106
Chapter III.Struggle for Existence107
Chapter IV.Natural Selection111
Chapter VI.Difficulties on Theory135
Chapter IX.On the Imperfections of the Geological Record147
Chapter XIII.Mutual Affinities of Organic Beings: Morphology: Embryology: Rudimentary Organs151
Chapter XIV.Recapitulation and Conclusion158
The Descent of Man (1871)175
Introduction175
Chapter I.The Evidence of the Descent of Man from Some Lower Form177
Chapter II.On the Manner of Development of Man from Some Lower Form194
Chapter III.Comparison of the Mental Powers of Man and the Lower Animals213
Chapter VI.On the Affinities and Genealogy of Man222
Chapter VIII.Principles of Sexual Selection230
Chapter XIX.Secondary Sexual Characters of Man232
Chapter XX.Secondary Sexual Characters of Man--continued239
Chapter XXI.General Summary and Conclusion243
Part VDarwin's Influence on Science255
The Victorian Opposition to Darwin257
Darwin and His Critics (1983)257
Objections to Mr. Darwin's Theory of the Origin of Species (1860)265
Darwin on the Origin of Species (1860)267
Review of the Origin of Species (1867)271
Victorian Supporters of Darwin276
Flora Tasmaniae (1859)276
On the Relations of Man to the Lower Animals (1863)280
Principles of Geology (1867)285
The Debt of Science to Darwin (1883)287
Darwin and the Shaping of Modern Science289
Scientific Method in Evolution289
Evolution and the Nature of Science (1999)289
Explaining the Very Improbable (1987)301
On the Uncertainty of Science (1980)304
Postmodernisms and the Problem of Scientific Literacy (1998)308
Science and Sensibility (1999)314
The Neo-Darwinian Synthesis319
The Evolutionary Synthesis (1984)319
The Human Genealogy326
The Chosen Primate (1994)326
Out of Africa Again ... and Again? (1997)335
The Human Difference (1999)342
Punctuated Equilibrium344
[On Punctuated Equilibrium] (1991)344
The Great Stasis Debate (1995)349
Rethinking Taxonomy356
Darwin's Views of Classification (1999)356
Cladistic Analysis (1988)361
[Cladistics in Action: The Origin of Birds and Their Flight] (1998)363
Evolution as Observable Fact373
How Natural Selection Operates (1996)373
Natural Selection and Darwin's Finches (1991)377
Natural Selection in the Wild (1986)384
Part VIDarwinian Patterns in Social Thought387
Competition and Cooperation389
The Vogue of Spencer (1955)389
The Gospel of Wealth (1900)396
Mutual Aid (1902)398
The Arithmetics of Mutual Help (1995)403
Nature and Nurture409
Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975)409
Biological Potentiality vs. Biological Determinism (1977)415
The New Creationism: Biology under Attack (1997)420
Evolution and Gender426
The Woman's Bible (1898)426
On Becoming Human (1981)427
Darwin and the Descent of Woman (1983)436
Woman Red in Tooth and Claw (1989)444
Evolution and Other Disciplines450
[On Consilience] (1998)450
Evolution and the Origins of Disease (1998)459
How the Mind Works (1997)465
The Set within the Skull (1997)477
Part VIIDarwinian Influences in Philosophy and Ethics481
The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy (1909)483
Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Natural Selection as an Algorithmic Process (1995)489
Darwinian Epistemology (1998)493
Evolution and Ethics (1893)501
Evolutionary Ethics (1943)503
The Evolution of Ethics (1985)507
Good Natured: The Origin of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals (1996)511
The Origins of Virtue (1997)517
Part VIIIEvolutionary Theory and Religious Theory525
Mainstream Religious Support for Evolution527
Message to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences (1996)527
On Creationism in School Textbooks (1984)529
Evolution and Creationism (1982)529
[Statement on Evolution] (1965)531
Resolution on Evolutionism and Creationism (1982)532
Resolution Opposing "Scientific Creationism" (1982)533
Fundamentalist Creationism534
Antievolution and Creationism in the United States (1997)534
The Scopes Trial (1925)542
Orthodox Jewish Creationists (2000)549
[Islamic Creationism] (1997)551
[A Hare Krishna on Darwinian Evolution] (1977)553
Tenets of Creationism (1998)555
Scientific Creationism (1985)557
Review of Morris (1992)564
Evolution at the Grass Roots (1998)569
[Creationism versus Biotechnology] (1998)569
[The Politics of Creationism] (1998)570
What Do Christians Really Believe about Evolution? (1998)572
Seven Significant Court Decisions Regarding Evolution/Creation Issues (1998)574
Personal Incredulity and Antievolutionism577
[The Argument from Personal Incredulity] (1987)577
Darwin on Trial (1991)581
Review of Johnson (1992)586
Darwin's Black Box (1996)592
Review of Behe (1997)601
Darwin's New Critics on Trial (1998)605
Scientists' Opposition to Creationism613
Forced Teaching of Creationist Beliefs in Public School Science Education (1982)613
Resolution Opposing Creationism in Science Courses (1999)614
Statement on Teaching Evolution (1998)615
Frequently Asked Questions about Evolution and the Nature of Science (1998)617
Fundamentalist Creationism and the Value of Satire624
Genesis Revisited: A Scientific Creation Story (1998)625
Darwin's Ark (1984)627
Part IXDarwin and the Literary Mind631
Darwin's Literary Sensibility633
Autobiography (1876)633
Darwin's Humane Reading (1982)634
Darwin and Pain: Why Science Made Shakespeare Nauseating (1995)639
Darwin's Plots (1983)645
Darwin's Influence on Literature653
Darwin among the Poets (1932)653
Darwin among the Novelists (1988)658
The Tragic Fallacy (1929)664
Modern Tragedy (1956)667
Darwin-Sightings in Recent Literature (2000)670
Selected Readings683
Index689

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Darwin: A Norton Critical Edition 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
hansel714 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Reasons for reading Darwin:1. Even Pope John Paul II believes in evolution, so there is no reason why a Christian shouldn't read Darwin;2. Even if you disagree strongly with evolution, you still ought to read the book before you make up your mind because there are always two sides to a coin. Almost every scientist believes in evolution, and since we know they cannot all be stupid, there must at least be some truth in the theory;3. Although it doesn't show in the picture on the right, the book cover is glamorously gilded in gold, so it looks fabulous on your bookshelf;3. Besides Shakespeare, Karl Marx and Freud, Darwin is the person who changes the culture in the entire history of Western civilization. (How can anyone not read him for this reason alone?!) And my last point is what Philip Appleman tries to show in the book. Humankind is now decentered; like the Copernican revolution, instead of nature revolving around us, we are now following the rules of nature. In other words, we're no longer "special" but are ruled by our genes and our nature. This has much repercussions in science, philosophy, sociology, religion and literature, which form sections in the book. If you're not interested in, say, science, you may skip that section and still understand the rest of the book (although I did read everything). In these sections, Appleman has included many eminent thinkers, such as Pope John Paul II, Richard Dawkins (scientist), Stephen Jay Gould (sociobiologist), Andrew Carnegie (industrialist), Matt Ridley (philo-biologist), George Levine (literary critic) and Gillian Beer (literary critic). Don't think that Appleman doesn't give religion a fair airing. He has included religious scientists--sounds like an oxymoron doesn't it?--such as Phillip Johnson and Robert Dorit. Because the selection is huge and varied, Appleman puts in only a few pages of each author's main thesis, hence you don't have to read 10, 000 books on the subject; you only need to read this book to get a grasp. Because the readings have few jargons, they are lucid and an intelligent reader can understand without much effort. These scholarly essays form the second part of the book. The first part rightly goes to a very readable selection of Darwin's Origin of Species and The Descent of Man and prevalent thinking and reactions in Darwin's time.I freaked out in the midst of reading because I felt so small, so small. Earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago; first signs of life, 4 billion years ago; 220 million years ago marked the first mammals; primates came at the 65th million-year mark; 3 million years ago, human's ancestor became bipedal; and only within the 100, 000 years are we fully formed as bodily functional beings. What is 70 years of human life compared to this eternal nature "red in tooth and claw"? Lewis Thomas says nothing makes sense anymore: "The universe is meaningless for human beings: we bumbled our way into the place by a series of random and senseless biological accidents. The sky is not blue: this is an optical illusion--the sky is black. You can walk on the moon if you feel like it, but there is nothing to do there except look at the earth, and when you've seen one earth you've seen them all. The animals and plants of the planet are at hostile odds with one another, each bent on elbowing any nearby neighbor off the earth" (305). But he is quick to assuage the reader's fear that there is at least one certainty in all these uncertainties (although I'm not convinced by him): "There is one central, universal aspect of human behavior, genetically set by our very nature, biologically governed, driving each of us along. Depending on how one looks at it, it can be defined as the urge to be useful. This urge drives society along, sets our behavior as individuals and in groups, invents all our myths, writes our poetry, composes our music" (307).This is a rather engaging book. I would have given it five stars had it included essays on contemporary issues su