Death to Tyrants!: Ancient Greek Democracy and the Struggle against Tyranny

Death to Tyrants!: Ancient Greek Democracy and the Struggle against Tyranny

by David Teegarden


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Death to Tyrants! is the first comprehensive study of ancient Greek tyrant-killing legislation—laws that explicitly gave individuals incentives to "kill a tyrant." David Teegarden demonstrates that the ancient Greeks promulgated these laws to harness the dynamics of mass uprisings and preserve popular democratic rule in the face of anti-democratic threats. He presents detailed historical and sociopolitical analyses of each law and considers a variety of issues: What is the nature of an anti-democratic threat? How would various provisions of the laws help pro-democrats counter those threats? And did the laws work?

Teegarden argues that tyrant-killing legislation facilitated pro-democracy mobilization both by encouraging brave individuals to strike the first blow against a nondemocratic regime and by convincing others that it was safe to follow the tyrant killer's lead. Such legislation thus deterred anti-democrats from staging a coup by ensuring that they would be overwhelmed by their numerically superior opponents. Drawing on modern social science models, Teegarden looks at how the institution of public law affects the behavior of individuals and groups, thereby exploring the foundation of democracy's persistence in the ancient Greek world. He also provides the first English translation of the tyrant-killing laws from Eretria and Ilion.

By analyzing crucial ancient Greek tyrant-killing legislation, Death to Tyrants! explains how certain laws enabled citizens to draw on collective strength in order to defend and preserve their democracy in the face of motivated opposition.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691156903
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 11/24/2013
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

David A. Teegarden is assistant professor of classics at the University at Buffalo, State University of New York.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Preface xi

List of Abbreviations xiii

Introduction 1

Part I The Invention of Tyrant-Killing Legislation

Chapter 1 The Decree of Demophantos 15

Part II Tyrant-Killing Legislation in the Late Classical Period

Chapter 2 The Eretrian Tyrant-Killing Law 57

Chapter 3 The Law of Eukrates 85

Part III Tyrant-Killing Legislation in the Early Hellenistic Period

Chapter 4 The Anti-Tyranny Dossier from Eresos 115

Chapter 5 The Philites Stele from Erythrai 142

Chapter 6 The Ilian Tyrant-Killing Law 173

Conclusion 215

Appendix: The Number and Geographic Distribution of Different Regime Types from the Archaic to the Early Hellenistic Periods 221

Bibliography 237

Index 249

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From the Publisher

"Death to Tyrants! develops an original and substantial model of ancient Greek civic uprisings. Teegarden argues persuasively that Greek inscriptions reveal that resistance to oppressive oligarchs had a consistent pattern, on different continents across a span of several centuries."—Daniel P. Tompkins, Temple University

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