In the latter half of the twentieth century, millions of impoverished people all over Latin America participated in illegal seizures of urban land. As many cities became saturated with squatter settlements by the 1980s, it was expected that such invasions would wane. But the increased economic vulnerability and expansion of informal labor activity brought about by neoliberal government policies spurred yet more invasions. Their goals remained the same: reliable electricity, potable water, sewer drainage, and legal title to illegally acquired land. But changes in the economic and political context required different means for achieving these goals. Social safety nets were weakened, organized labor lost power, and some urban service monopolies were privatized—and the introduction of democratic municipal elections offered new avenues to secure these much-needed services. In this careful study of ten neighborhoods in Quito, Ecuador, and Lima, Peru, Paul Dosh examines these new patterns to cast light on the reasons why some neighborhood groups succeed and survive while others do not.
|Publisher:||Penn State University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Paul Dosh is Associate Professor of Political Science at Macalester College and Director of Building Dignity, a nonprofit organization focused on grassroots development in Peru.
James Lerager holds a master’s degree in public policy from the University of California–Berkeley and is Director of the Documentary Photography and Research Project.
Table of Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Photographs
List of Abbreviations
1. The Strategy, Success, and Survival of Urban Popular Movements
2. Metropolitan Trends in Land Invasions: Policy, Democratization, Geography
3. The Old Guard: Pragmatism and Strategic Rigidity
4. The Next Generation: Strategic Flexibility and a Sense of Entitlement
5. The Innovators: Strategic Creativity and a Sense of Mission
6. Analyzing Organizational Strategy, Success, and Survival
7. Conclusions: Contention, Political Process, and Mixed Motives
Epilogue: From Scholarship to Activism
Appendix: Sources of Data and List of Interviews