Entrepreneurship and Rural Women in India

Entrepreneurship and Rural Women in India

by Jitendra Ahirrao




In India, entrepreneurship has assumed prime importance - both in research and in action - for accelerating economic growth. An entrepreneur is a critical factor who strives to reorient the national strategies and bring out the desired changes in the development pattern. Contrary to the earlier belief that entrepreneurs are a special breed and are born with special traits, entrepreneurship can be cultivated through proper training and financial support. An entrepreneur is a catalyst who can mobilize different resources and put them to effective use. In any nation, women constitute the backbone a country's prosperity. However, the role played by rural women in India's economic development has not been assigned sufficient importance. Women face gender-specific barriers in access to education, health, and employment. As well, women have little control over assets. Women are often under-paid or unpaid for their work. Their contribution to society and the economy are often ignored. This book examines at the role of women entrepreneurship in India's rural areas. The book shows that encouraging women to set up small enterprises - particularly in rural areas - is an effective method to promote their welfare, development, and empowerment.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9788177083293
Publisher: New Century Publications
Publication date: 02/21/2013
Pages: 228
Product dimensions: 5.80(w) x 8.70(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

About the Book v

Author's Profile vi

Preface xii

Abbreviations/Acronyms xv

1 Rural Women in India: An Introduction 1

1.1 Rural India: An Overview

1.2 Changing Status of Indian Women

1.3 Empowerment of Women in India

1.4 Economic and Social Status of Rural Women

1.5 Women Entrepreneurs in India

1.6 Advantages of Women Entrepreneurship

1.7 Role of Rural Women in National Development

1.8 Review of Literature

1.8.1 International Research Studies

1.8.2 National Research Studies

2 Role of Women Entrepreneurs in Socio-economic Development 29

2.1 Rural Women Entrepreneurs

2.2 Entrepreneurship and Economic Development

2.3 Constraints in Entrepreneurial Growth

2.4 Scope of Entrepreneurship Development in India

2.5 Rural Poverty and Illiteracy in India

2.6 Status of Women

2.7 Changing Attitudes of Society towards Women

2.8 Self-reliance Efforts for Women

2.9 Women's Contribution in Economic Activities

2.10 Effective Utilization of Women (Human) Resources

2.11 Dual Responsibility of Women

2.12 Managing Rural Women's Enterprises

2.13 Efforts for Development of Women Entrepreneurship

2.14 Role of Self-help Groups in Women's Development

2.15 Women and Self-employment

2.16 Women Entrepreneurship: Global Scenario

3 Policies and Programmes for Entrepreneurship Development Among Rural Women 68

3.1 Government Initiatives for Women Empowerment

3.2 Development Policies for Rural Women

3.3 National Machinery for Empowering Rural Women

3.4 Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)

3.5 Training to Rural Youth for Self-employment (TRYSEM)

3.6 Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY)

3.7 Rashtriya Manila Kosh (RMK)

3.8 National Commission for Women (NCW)

3.9 Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park (STEP)

3.10 Manila Samridhi Yojana (MSY)

3.11 Indira Manila Yojana (IMY)

3.12 Manila Swayam Sidha Yojana (MSSY)

3.13 Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)

3.14 Raj Rajeshwari Manila Kalyan Yojana (RRMKY)

3.15 Maher Yojana

3.16 Annapoorna Yojana

3.17 Kamdhenu Yojana

3.18 Manila Swavalamban Nidhi (MSN)

3.19 Reception Centres and State Homes for Women

3.20 Schemes of Indian Banks for Rural Women Entrepreneurs

3.20.1 National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)

3.20.2 IDBI's Manila Udyam Nidhi (MUN) and Mahila Vikas Nidhi (MVN)

3.20.3 Priyadarshani Yojana of Bank of India

3.20.4 Stree Shakti Yojana of State Bank of India

3.20.5 Scheme of Indian Bank

3.20.6 Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)

3.21 Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs)

3.21.1 National Alliance of Young Entrepreneurs (NAYE)

3.21.2 National Association of Women Entrepreneurs and Executives (NAWEE)

3.21.3 Self-employed Women's Association (SEWA)

3.21.4 Federation of Indian Women Entrepreneurs (FIWE)

3.21.5 International Centre for Entrepreneurship and Career Development (ICECD)

3.22 Training for Rural Entrepreneurship Development

4 Potential for Women Entrepreneurship 93

4.1 Role of Female Entrepreneurship in Socio-economic Development

4.2 Infrastructure for Rural Entrepreneurship

4.3 Measures to Encourage Rural Women Entrepreneurs

4.4 Micro Entrepreneurship and Rural Women

4.5 Potential of Indian Women

4.6 New Business Ideas for Women Entrepreneurs

4.7 Improving Rural Women's Access to Finance

4.8 Computer Education for Women in Rural India

4.9 Changing Role of Rural Women Entrepreneurs

4.10 Opportunities in Services Sector

5 Problems and Prospects of Rural Women Entrepreneurs 108

5.1 Three Ks: Kitchen, Kids and Knitting

5.2 Problems in Women Entrepreneurship Development

5.3 Problems of Business Finance

5.4 Social, Cultural and Religious Attitude

5.5 Marketing Problems

5.6 Government Policies and Schemes

5.7 Educational and Technical Qualification

5.8 Raw Material and Infrastructural Problems

5.9 Gender Discrimination

5.10 Family Problems

5.11 Motivational Factors

5.12 Production Related Problems

5.13 How to Develop Rural Women Entrepreneurship?

5.14 Areas of Micro Entrepreneurship Development

5.15 Concluding Observations

Appendix: A Case Study of Women Entrepreneurship in Marathwada Region of Maharashtra 131

Bibliography 193

Index 205

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