Essentials of Psychology / Edition 4 available in Paperback
Concise, readable, and packed with the latest research about one of the most fascinating and relevant subjects you'll ever study, ESSENTIALS OF PSYCHOLOGY, 7th Edition, encourages you to learn by doing to actively participate and to think about what you're learning as opposed to passively receiving written information. Effective learning features help you master the material and make your study time count. You'll also see how topics in psychology are interrelated, and ramp up your critical thinking skills, including practicing a surefire questioning process for thinking objectively about research questions and results.
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About the Author
Doug is a very motivated author. He chairs the Program Committee of the National Institute on the Teaching of Psychology (NITOP), and is the Founder of the Association for Psychological Science's Preconference Institute on the Teaching of Psychology. In 2002 he received the American Psychological Foundation's award for Distinguished Teaching in Psychology.
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION TO THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY. The World of Psychology: An Overview. Approaches to the Science of Psychology. Human Diversity and Psychology. Thinking Critically About Psychology (or Anything Else). Research Methods in Psychology. Focus on Research: Studying EMDR. Linkages: Psychological Research and Behavioral Genetics. Statistical Analysis of Research Results. Ethical Guidelines for Psychologists. Summary. 2. BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PSYCHOLOGY. Cells of the Nervous System. The Peripheral Nervous System: Keeping in Touch with the World. The Central Nervous System: Making Sense of the World. Focus on Research: The Case of the Disembodied Woman. Thinking Critically: What Can fMRI Tell Us About Behavior and Mental Processes? Linkages: Human Development and the Changing Brain. The Chemistry of Psychology: Neurotransmitters. The Endocrine System: Coordinating the Internal World. Summary. 3. SENSATION AND PERCEPTION. Sensing and Perceiving the World. Sensory Systems. Seeing. Hearing. The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell. Sensing Your Body. Thinking Critically: Does Acupuncture Relieve Pain? Focus on Research: The Case of the Mysterious Spells. Perception. Organizing the Perceptual World. Recognizing the Perceptual World. Linkages: Perception and Human Development. Attention. Summary. 4. CONSCIOUSNESS. The Scope of Consciousness. Thinking Critically: Can Subliminal Messages Change Your Behavior? Focus on Research: Subliminal Messages in Popular Music. Sleeping and Dreaming. Hypnosis. Linkages: Meditation, Health, and Stress. Psychoactive Drugs. Summary. 5. LEARNING. Classical Conditioning: Learning Signals and Associations. Instrumental and Operant Conditioning: Learning the Consequences of Behavior. Linkages: Networks of Learning. Cognitive Processes in Learning. Focus on Research: An Experiment on Human Helplessness. Thinking Critically: Does Watching Video Violence Make Children More Violent? Using Research on Learning to Help People Learn. Summary. 6. MEMORY. The Nature of Memory. Storing New Memories. Retrieving Memories. Constructing Memories. Focus on Research: I Could Swear I Heard It! Linkages: Memory, Perception, and Eyewitness Testimony. Forgetting. Thinking Critically: Can Traumatic Memories Be Repressed, Then Recovered? Biological Bases of Memory. Improving Your Memory. Summary. 7. THOUGHT, LANGUAGE, AND INTELLIGENCE. Basic Functions of Thought. Mental Representations: The Ingredients of Thought. Thinking Strategies. Problem Solving. Focus on Research: Problem-Solving Strategies in the Real World. Decision Making. Linkages: Group Processes in Problem Solving and Decision Making. Language. Testing Intelligence. Evaluating Intelligence Tests. Thinking Critically: Are Intelligence Tests Unfairly Biased Against Certain Groups? Diversity in Intelligence. Summary. 8. MOTIVATION AND EMOTION. Concepts and Theories of Motivation. Hunger and Eating. Sexual Behavior. Focus on Research: A Survey of Human Sexual Behavior. Thinking Critically: What Shapes Sexual Orientation? Achievement Motivation. Relations and Conflicts Among Motives. Linkages: Conflicting Motives and Stress. The Nature of Emotions. Theories of Emotion. Communicating Emotion. Summary. 9. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. Exploring Human Development. Beginnings. Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development. Linkages: Development and Memory. Infancy and Childhood: Social and Emotional Development. Thinking Critically: Does Day Care Harm the Emotional Development of Infants? Focus on Research: Exploring Developing Minds. Adolescence. Adulthood. Summary. 10. HEALTH, STRESS, AND COPING. Health Psychology. Understanding Stress and Stressors. Stress Responses. Linkages: Stress and Psychological Disorders. Stress Mediators. Focus on Research: Personality and Health. The Physiology and Psychology of Health and Illness. Thinking Critically: Does Hostility Increase the Risk of Heart Disease? Promoting Healthy Behavior. Summary. 11. PERSONALITY. The Psychodynamic Approach. The Trait Approach. Thinking Critically: Are Personality Traits Inherited? The Social-Cognitive Approach. The Humanistic Psychology Approach. Linkages: Personality, Culture, and Human Development. Focus on Research: Personality Development over Time. Assessing Personality. Summary. 12. PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Defining Psychological Disorders. Explaining Psychological Disorders. Classifying Psychological Disorders. Thinking Critically: Is Psychological Diagnosis Biased? Anxiety Disorders. Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. Linkages: Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders and Learning. Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders. Dissociative Disorders. Depressive and Bipolar Disorders. Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders. Personality Disorders. Focus on Research: Exploring Links Between Child Abuse and Antisocial Personality Disorder. Some Additional Psychological Disorders. Mental Illness and the Law. Summary. 13. TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Basic Features of Treatment. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Humanistic Psychotherapy. Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Group, Family, and Couples Therapy. Evaluating Psychotherapy. Thinking Critically: Are All Forms of Therapy Equally Effective? Focus on Research: Which Therapies Work Best for Which Problems? Biological Treatments. Linkages: Biological Aspects of Psychology and the Treatment of Psychological Disorders. Community Psychology. Summary. 14. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. Social Influences on the Self. Focus on Research: Self-Esteem and the Ultimate Terror. Social Perception. Attitudes. Prejudice and Stereotypes. Thinking Critically: Is Racial and Ethnic Prejudice Too Ingrained Ever to Be Eliminated? Interpersonal Attraction. Social Influence. Obedience. Aggression. Altruism and Prosocial Behavior. Group Processes. Linkages: Biological and Social Psychology. Summary. 15. INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. An Overview of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Assessing People, Jobs, and Job Performance. Recruiting and Selecting Employees. Training Employees. Employee Motivation. Job Satisfaction. Thinking Critically: Is Job Satisfaction Genetic? Linkages: Aggression in the Workplace. Occupational Health Psychology. Work Groups and Work Teams. Focus on Research: Can People Learn to Be Charismatic Leaders? Summary. 16. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY. Foundations of Neuropsychology. Mechanisms of Brain Dysfunction. Neuropsychological Disorders. Thinking Critically: Can Someone Be Partially Paralyzed and Not Know It? Focus on Research: Studying Hemineglect. Linkages: Language Disorders and the Brain. Summary.