Fire Officer's Handbook of Tactics / Edition 4 available in Hardcover
In this new fourth edition, readers will find a new chapter on lightweight construction, a new chapter on electrical fires and emergencies, updates to many chapters including such topics as wind-driven fires, and many new illustrations.
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The key to successful hoseline selection is to look at the situation briefly before taking any hose off the apparatus. Make sure that the line stretched is appropriate for the task. Far too often, firefighters have stretched an inappropriate line because "that's the line we always stretch." This often involves stretching booster, or red, lines into structures, a totally unsatisfactory solution. In at least two large departments, the administration is so strongly against this practice that the booster lines have been removed from the apparatus. Stopping short of such drastic measures means that the members riding on the pumper must be able to make the right choice based on the situation at hand.
Regardless of the method of attack you choose or the type of stream you employ, two criteria determine whether your effort will successfully extinguish the fire. The first is that the amount of water discharged be of sufficient volume to remove the heat being generated. The second is that the water actually reaches the heart of the fire and not be carried away by convective currents or turned to steam. These two criteria combine to determine what size hoseline will be appropriate.
The first consideration, required volume, is relatively simple. In fact, formulas that can predict the required amount of water flow have been devised based on the volume of the area and the weight of the fire load. These formulas, discussed in chapter 2, vary from 10 gpm for every 100 sq ft in a low fire-load setting to 50 gpm per 100 sq ft for high fire-load areas. This is determined by the amount of heat that the fuel can produce. Materials vary as to the amount of heat they give off. For instance,one pound of wrapping paper will give off about 7,100 BTUs, whereas one pound of styrene foam gives off about 18,000 BTUs. In this case, the styrene foam would require about 2½ times more water to extinguish than would the wrapping paper. Still, in either case, if you don't apply enough water, the fire won't go out. Simply stated, firefighters must apply enough water to absorb all of the heat being given off or the fire will continue to extend. (Water absorbs about 9,275 BTUs per gal when raised from 70° to completely vaporized, so in the case of the pound of wrapping paper, a little less than 1 gal of water would be required to cool the burning paper, while nearly 2 gal would be required for the same one pound of styrene foam, assuming complete vaporization.)
Table of Contents* Foreword
- Part I: General firefighting tactics
* General principles of firefighting
* Engine company operations
* Hoseline selection, stretching, and placement
* Water supply
* Sprinkler systems and standpipe operations
* Ladder company operations
* Forcible entry
* Search and rescue
- Part II: Specific fire situations
* Firefighter survival
* Operations in lightweight buildings
* Private dwellings
* Multiple dwellings
* Garden apartment and townhouse fires
* Store fires--taxpayers and strip malls
* High-rise office buildings
* Buildings under construction, renovation, and demolition
* Fire-related emergencies: incinerators, oil burners, and gas leaks
* Electrical fires and emergencies
* Structural collapse
* Fire department roles in terrorism and homeland security
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The Item was shipped in a timely manner, however when I received the book it was not in the described condition. It said the book was in good condition. The book I got had a broken spine and the hardback cover was ripped.