ISBN-10:
128429417X
ISBN-13:
9781284294170
Pub. Date:
06/24/2016
Publisher:
Jones & Bartlett Learning
Fire Protection Systems / Edition 2

Fire Protection Systems / Edition 2

by A. Maurice Jones Jr.
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Overview

Chapter1 Basics of Fire Behavior
Chapter2 Fire Protection Systems and the Model Code Process
Chapter3 Fire Alarm System Components and Functions
Chapter4 Types of Fire Alarm and Detection Systems
Chapter5 Water Supplies for Fire Protection Systems
Chapter6 Standpipe and Hose Systems
Chapter7 Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems
Chapter8 Specialized Water-Based Fire Protection Systems
Chapter9 Wet and Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems
Chapter10 Gaseous Agent Extinguishing Systems
Chapter11 Portable Fire Extinguishers
Chapter12 Smoke Control and Management Systems
Chapter13 Property Security, Emergency Response, and Fire Protection Systems
AppendixA FESHE Correlation Guide for Fire Protection Systems

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781284294170
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date: 06/24/2016
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 366
Sales rank: 181,876
Product dimensions: 7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Section I Establishing the Relationship between Fire Behavior, the Model Codes, and Fire Protection Systems 2

Chapter 1 Basics of Fire Behavior 4

Introduction 5

Combustion and Fire 6

The Fire Triangle 6

The Tire Tetrahedron 7

Fire and Flame Types 7

Diffusion Flame 7

Smoldering 8

Spontaneous Combustion/Self-Healing 8

Premised Flame 8

The Stages of Fire 9

Incipient Stage 9

Free Burning Stage 9

Flashover Stage 10

Smoldering/Decay Stage 10

Forms of Heat Transfer 11

Conduction 11

Convection 11

Radiation 12

Methods of Extinguishing Fires 12

Cooling 12

Oxygen Reduction 13

Removing or Interrupting the Fuel Supply 13

Interrupting the Chain Reaction 13

Classes of Fire 13

Class A Fires and Extinguishing Agents 13

Class E Fires and Extinguishing Agents 14

Class C Fires and Extinguishing Agents 14

Class D Fires and Extinguishing Agents 15

Class K Fires and Extinguishing Agents 15

Chapter 2 Fire Protection Systems and the Model Code Process 20

Introduction 21

A Model Code 22

Model Code Organizations 22

International Code Council (ICC) 23

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 25

Referenced Standards 27

Code and Standards Development for Government 29

Amendments 29

Code-Required Fire Protection Systems 29

Inducements to Install Fire Protection Systems 31

Mission Essential 32

Section II Fire Alarm and Detection Systems 36

Chapter 3 Fire Alarm System Components and Functions 38

Introduction 39

Fire Alarm Control Panel/Unit 40

Types of Fire Alarm Signals 42

Initiating Devices 43

Manual Initiating Devices 43

Automatic Initiating Devices 47

Notification Appliances 60

Public Mode/Private Mode Notification 60

Coded, Non-Coded, and Textural Signals 61

Audible Appliances 61

Visible Appliances 64

Combination Appliances 65

Addressable Notification Appliances 65

Annunciation Panels 65

Power Expander Panels 67

Other Components and Systems Associated With Fire Alarm Systems 68

Electronic Valve Supervisory Devices 68

Pressure Switches 68

Air and Water Temperature Sensors/Water Level Sensors 69

Chapter 4 Types of Fire Alarm and Detection Systems 75

Introduction 77

Classification of Fire Alarm Systems 77

Alarm Systems 77

Emergency Communication Systems 82

Interface with Other Systems 86

Required Installations 88

Use-Group and Occupancy 88

Number of Occupants 88

Building Height 89

Level of Exit Discharge 89

Manufacturing and Use of Products 89

Special Use and Occupancy Conditions 90

Installation of Other Fire Protection Systems 90

Design and Installation Standards 90

Fire Alarm System Inspection and Testing 92

Acceptance Test 92

Periodic Inspection, Testing, Service, and Maintenance 93

Section III Water-Based Fire Suppression 100

Chapter 5 Water Supplies for Fire Protection Systems 102

Introduction 103

Water Supply Systems 104

Source/Supply Network 104

Distribution Network 105

Fire Lines and Fire Mains 106

Water Distribution System Valves 108

Fire Hydrants 114

Types of Hydrants 115

Hydrant Markings 118

Hydrant Inspection, Testing, Maintenance, and Service 118

Water Supply Design Considerations for Water-Based Fire Protection Systems 119

Water Flow Test 119

Water Pressurization 120

Chapter 6 Standpipe and Hose Systems 145

Introduction 146

Types of Standpipe Systems 147

Automatic Wet Standpipe 147

Automatic Dry Standpipe 147

Semiautomatic Standpipe 148

Manual Wet Standpipe 148

Manual Dry Standpipe 148

Combined Standpipe and Sprinkler Systems 149

Classification of Standpipe Systems 150

Class I Standpipe System 150

Class II Standpipe System 150

Class III Standpipe System 151

Standpipe System Components 152

Fire Department Connections 152

Pipe and Fittings 154

Gauges 155

Valves 155

Hose Cabinets, Hose, Hose Racks, and Nozzles 157

Required Installations 157

Requirements Based on Building Height and Levels 158

Occupancy Requirements 158

Buildings under Construction Rehabilitation, or Demolition 159

Design and Installation Standards 159

Water Pressure and Flow Requirements 160

Minimum and Maximum Pressure Requirements 160

Minimum and Maximum Flow Requirements 161

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Requirements 161

Hydrostatic and Air Test 161

Visual Inspection 162

Flushing 162

Flow Tests 162

Main Drain Test 163

Operation of Components 163

Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance 163

Chapter 7 Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems 169

Introduction 170

Effectiveness in Properly Protection 171

Effectiveness in Life Safely 172

Fire Sprinkler System Components 173

Pipe and Fittings 173

Gauges 174

Valves 174

Pipe Support and Stabilization Assemblies 176

Automatic Sprinkler Heads 176

Types of Systems 188

Wet Pipe Systems 188

Dry Pipe Systems 190

Preacion Systems 194

Deluge Systems 198

Residential Sprinkler Systems 197

Required Installations 198

Design and Installation Standards 199

NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems 200

NFPA 13D, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwelling and Manufactured Homes 202

NFPA 13R, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Low-Rise Residential Occupancies 202

Other Fire Spunkier Standards 202

Design Concepts for Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems 203

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Requirements 208

Acceptance Inspections and Tests 208

Periodic Inspection Testing, and Maintenance 211

Chapter 8 Specialized Water-Based Fire Production Systems 219

Introduction 220

Types of Specialized Water-Based Fire Protection Systems 222

Fixed Foam Systems 222

Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray Systems 227

Water Spray Fixed Systems 228

Water Mist Systems 230

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Requirements 233

Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance 234

Section IV Special Hazard Fire Suppression Systems 242

Chapter 9 Fixed Wet and Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems 244

Introduction 246

Fixed Wet Chemical Extinguishing Systems 246

Fixed Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems 247

Fixed Wet and Dry Chemical Extinguishing System Operation 248

Standards for Wet and Dry Chemical Systems 249

System Component Requirements 250

Agent Storage Containers and Gas Cartridges 250

Piping and Fittings 251

Nozzles 252

Activation Devices 252

System Alarms and Indicators 253

Types of Fixed Wet and Dry Extinguishing Systems 254

Local Application Systems 254

Total Flooding Systems 254

Other Wet and Dry Chemical Application Methods 254

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance 255

Visual Inspections 255

Discharge Test 255

Acceptance Test 256

Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance 256

Chapter 10 Gaseous Agent Extinguishing Systems 263

Introduction 264

Carbon Dioxide 265

Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems 265

Low - and High-Pressure Storage 267

Carbon Dioxide Delivery Systems 268

Halogenated Agents 269

Halon Extinguishing Systems 270

Halon Delivery Systems 271

Clean Agents 272

Categories of Clean Agents 272

Clean Agent Extinguishing Systems 273

Aerosol 274

Aerosol Extinguishing Systems 275

Approval and Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance 275

Carbon Dioxide 275

Halon 276

Clean Agents 277

Aerosol 278

Chapter 11 Portable Fire Extinguishers 283

Introduction 284

Code Requirements for Fire Extinguishers 285

Fire Extinguisher Classification 286

Common Fire Extinguisher Agents 286

Water 287

Foam 288

Carbon Dioxide 288

Dry Chemicals 288

Wet Chemicals 289

Dry Powders 289

Halon and Other Clean Agents 289

Fire Extinguisher Ratings 289

Types of Fire Extinguishers 290

Pump Extinguishers 291

Stored Pressure Extinguishers 291

Cartridge Pressure Extinguishers 291

Obsolete Types of Fire Extinguishers 292

Fire Extinguisher Operation 293

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance 293

Visual Inspection 294

Maintenance 296

Testing 296

Section V Control and Management Systems, Property Security, and Fire Protection Systems 300

Chapter 12 Smoke Control and Management Systems 302

Introduction 303

Code-Required Smoke Control and Smoke Management 305

Smoke Containment, Removal, and Opposed Airflow 305

Containment by Pressure Differentials 305

Smoke Removal 308

Containment by Airflow Direction 308

Design Requirements and Operational Characteristics 309

Fire Protection Systems and Smoke Control 309

Interlace with Fire Protection Systems and Other Life Safely Systems 309

Testing and Performance Verification 311

Annual Testing 312

Chapter 13 Property Security, Emergency Response, and Fire Protection Systems 317

Introduction 318

Means of Egress 319

Exit Access 319

Exit 320

Exit Discharge 321

Maintaining the Means of Egress 321

Exit Stairway Doors 321

Stairway Doors in High-Rise Buildings 322

Delayed Egress Locks 323

Access-Controlled Egress Doors 325

Electrically Controlled and Electromagnetically Locked Egress Doors 326

Fire Department Access Systems 327

Security Gates 328

Siren Sensors 329

Proprietary Fire Department Access Key 329

Access Cards and Access Codes 330

Radio Frequency Sensor 330

Fire Protection System Interface 330

Appendix A FESHE Correlation Guide 335

Appendix B Imperial and Metric Conversions 336

Glossary 340

Index 356

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