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Transaction Publishers
Funding Democratization / Edition 2

Funding Democratization / Edition 2

by Milton Konvitz, Allan J. Ware


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Democracy is a fine political system, but an expensive economic venture. Political parties and election campaigns cost money. Where does the money come from and at what sacrifice? Issues connected with political finance are significant but often neglected aspects of the process of democratization. Funding Democratization examines how money and politics interact in emerging democracies. The contributors investigate the funding of political parties in early North America, financial uncertainties of party formation in European countries, funding of democratization in new democracies, and the influence of funding on contenders for power. They also address the nature of political competition in countries that are seeking to embrace, often for the first time, the rules of democracy. They question in what ways politicians can help make democracy affordable. The volume compares important democratizing countries, such as Russia, Brazil, South Africa, Spain, and the regions of East Asia and East/Central Europe. It also investigates the lessons that emerging democracies can learn from the history of political finance in today's more established democracies. Funding Democratization will be of interest to political scientists and specialists in international social and political development.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781412806008
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Publication date: 12/15/2006
Series: Perspectives on Democratization Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 262
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 16 Years

About the Author

Peter Burnell is professor of politics and international studies at the University of Warwick. He was founding joint editor of the journal Democratization and the accompanying book series Democratization Studies. His books includeForeign Aid in a Changing World, Funding Democratization, and Promoting Democracy Abroad. Alan Ware is a professor of politics and a tutorial fellow in politics at Worcester College, Oxford University. His research interests include U.S. politics and comparative government.

Table of Contents

List of tables     ix
List of contributors     x
Acknowledgements     xii
Introduction: money and politics in emerging democracies     1
Democracy, democratization and political competition     2
Costing democracy     4
Money for democratization, and the issue of corruption     7
Funding regimes     10
Funding democratization then and now     13
Conclusion     17
The funding of political parties in North America: the early years     22
The idea of corruption in relation to party funding     23
United States: introduction and background     24
The 'myth' of nineteenth-century party funding in the United States     27
Contrasts with political funding in the late twentieth century     30
The demand for funds - the nature of party competition     32
The supply of funds from American society     34
The system of 'self-generated' funding     36
Patronage and the late-nineteenth-century Canadian state     38
Problems of party funding in North America     42
Financial uncertainties of party formation and consolidation in Britain, Germany and Italy: the early years in theoretical perspective     47
From personal wealthto patronage     49
From large donors to a multitude of small subscriptions     53
The diffusion of the mass party technique     59
Expanding the range of financial sources     61
Conclusion     67
Party funding in a new democracy: Spain     73
Improvisation during the transition     74
The effects of funding arrangements     79
The need for reform     85
Conclusion     89
Chile's new democracy: political funding and economic transformation     94
Sources of party funding     100
Party funding before military rule and during the transition     103
Political campaigning in the new democracy     107
Government proposals to regulate electoral campaign finance     111
Conclusion     112
Funding parties and elections in Brazil     116
The institutional background     117
Party and campaign funding     123
Conclusion     132
Party funding in post-communist east-central Europe     137
Party accounts: the balance-sheet     137
Party funding and the state     139
State reimbursement of election campaign expenses     142
Deputies' salaries and expenses     145
Funding party clubs     146
Disputations of the communist inheritance     149
Conclusion     153
The iceberg of Russian political finance     158
The institutional framework and the resources of the political game     159
The iceberg of political finance: the above-water and under-water elements     164
Can elections be bought?     171
Conclusion     176
Building democracy on the basis of capitalism: towards an east Asian model of party funding     180
Japan: the early postwar years     182
Taiwan and South Korea     187
Japanese reform proposals and the 1996 general election     195
Conclusion     197
Political party funding in southern Africa     202
Decolonization, independence and the funding of political parties in southern Africa     203
Funding democracy in southern Africa from 1989     205
Conclusion     223
Conclusion     229
Reporting party income or expenditures     235
Prohibitions on particular sources of funds     237
Restrictions on certain expenditures that parties can make     240
A ban on purchasing particular services and/or a requirement that they be provided free of charge     241
Public funding of parties     242
Index     245

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