Hell of a Time, Irving Norman’s visual narrative of contemporary society and the omnipresent human predicament, is germane to a number of the author’s experiences in the early 1970s. In 1971 Lemer was responsible for the first major class-action law-suit against one of the largest corporations in the United States at the time, Boise Cascade—alleging misrepresentation and deceitful and deceptive sales practices at their numerous recreational land developments throughout California. It was he who investigated the company and provided the evidentiary material that served as the foundation for the suit. Threatening bankruptcy and protracted legal wrangling, a class-action settlement was eventually reached, with the company admitting no guilt. A few years later, the author was able to prove Boise guilty of fraud in a court of law. After Boise’s unsuccessful appeal had run its course at the end of the decade, Lemer chanced on Irving Norman and his captivating, social narrative paintings of the human predicament.