This upbeat text (``I Know You Can Do It'' urges the first subheading) assumes considerable knowledge about major artists and styles. Yenawine promotes ``directed looking''--seeing what can be learned from direct observation rather than from acquiring background information. The usual platitudes are well articulated: modern art challenges accepted conventions and expectations; the primacy of personal vision; the centrality of ideas over objects; the emphasis on geometry and dynamism; and the interplay between art and popular culture. The methodology is equally familiar, from analyzing formal elements to examining technique and motivations to sorting the vast diversity and dealing with multiple and contradictory meanings. Heavily illustrated (137, 62 in color), interpretive paragraph-length captions and a ``Useful Vocabulary'' are helpful. However, a more satisfying work for novice viewers is Susan Woodford's Looking at Pictures (Cambridge, 1983).-- Russell T. Clement, Brigham Young Univ. Lib., Provo, Ut.