ISBN-10:
1587206641
ISBN-13:
9781587206641
Pub. Date:
05/28/2015
Publisher:
Cisco Press
Implementing Cisco IP Switched Networks (SWITCH) Foundation Learning Guide: (CCNP SWITCH 300-115) / Edition 1

Implementing Cisco IP Switched Networks (SWITCH) Foundation Learning Guide: (CCNP SWITCH 300-115) / Edition 1

by Richard Froom, Erum Frahim
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Overview

Now fully updated for the new Cisco SWITCH 300-115 exam, Implementing Cisco IP Switched Networks (SWITCH) Foundation Learning Guide is your Cisco® authorized learning tool for CCNP® or CCDP® preparation. Part of the Cisco Press Foundation Learning Series, it teaches you how to plan, configure, verify, secure, and maintain complex enterprise switching solutions using Cisco Catalyst® switches and Enterprise Campus Architecture.

The authors show you how to build scalable multilayer switched networks, create and deploy global intranets, and perform basic troubleshooting in environments using Cisco multilayer switches for client hosts and services. They begin by reviewing basic switching concepts, network design, and campus network architecture. Next, they present in-depth coverage of spanning-tree, inter-VLAN routing, first-hop redundancy, network management, advanced switch features, high availability, and campus network security.

Each chapter opens with a list of topics that clearly identify its focus. Each chapter ends with a summary of key concepts for quick study, as well as review questions to assess and reinforce your understanding. Throughout, configuration examples, and sample verification outputs illustrate critical issues in network operation and troubleshooting.

This guide is ideal for all certification candidates who want to master all the topics covered on the SWITCH 300-115 exam.

  • Serves as the official textbook for version 7 of the Cisco Networking Academy CCNP SWITCH course
  • Covers basic switching terminology and concepts, and the unique features of Cisco Catalyst switch designs
  • Reviews campus network design, including network structure, roles of Cisco Catalyst switches, and differences between Layer 2 and multilayer switches
  • Introduces VLANs, VTP, Trunking, and port-channeling
  • Explains Spanning Tree Protocol configuration
  • Presents concepts and modern best practices for interVLAN routing
  • Covers first-hop redundancy protocols used by Cisco Catalyst switches
  • Outlines a holistic approach to network management and Cisco Catalyst device security with AAA, NTP, 802.1x, and SNMP
  • Describes how to use advanced features to improve campus network resiliency and availability
  • Shows how to establish switch physical redundancy using Stackwise, VSS, or redundant supervisors
  • Explains advanced security features

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781587206641
Publisher: Cisco Press
Publication date: 05/28/2015
Series: Foundation Learning Guides Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 512
Sales rank: 461,656
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Richard Froom, CCIE No. 5102, is a manager within the Solution Validation Services (SVS) team at Cisco. Richard previously worked as a network engineer in the Cisco TAC and in various customer-facing testing organizations within Cisco. Richard holds CCIEs

in Routing and Switching and in Storage Networking. Richard currently focuses on expanding his team’s validation coverage to new technologies in the data center, including Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI), OpenStack, Intercloud Fabric, and big data solutions with Hadoop.

Erum Frahim, CCIE No. 7549 , is a technical leader working in the Solution Validation Services (SVS) group at Cisco. In her current role, Erum is leading efforts to test data center solutions for several Cisco high-profile customers and leading all the cross-business units interlock. Most recently, she is working on Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI), UCS Director, OpenStack, and big data. Before this, Erum managed the Nexus platform escalation group and served as a team lead for the data center storage-area network (SAN) test lab under the Cisco data center business unit. Erum joined Cisco in 2000 as a technical support engineer. Erum has a Master of Science degree in electrical engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology and also holds a Bachelor of Engineering degree from NED University, Karachi, Pakistan. Erum also authors articles in Certification Magazine and on Cisco.com and has participated in many CiscoLive Events. In her spare time, Erum enjoys her time with her husband and child.

Table of Contents

Introduction xx

Chapter 1 Fundamentals Review 1

Switching Introduction 2

Hubs and Switches 2

Bridges and Switches 2

Switches of Today 3

Broadcast Domains 3

MAC Addresses 4

The Basic Ethernet Frame Format 4

Basic Switching Function 5

VLANs 6

The Spanning Tree Protocol 6

Trunking 7

Port Channels 7

Multilayer Switching 8

Summary 8

Chapter 2 Network Design Fundamentals 9

Campus Network Structure 9

Hierarchical Network Design 10

Access Layer 12

Distribution Layer 13

Core Layer (Backbone) 14

Layer 3 in the Access Layer 17

The Cisco Enterprise Campus Architecture 19

The Need for a Core Layer 20

Types of Cisco Switches 22

Comparing Layer 2 and Multilayer Switches 24

MAC Address Forwarding 24

Layer 2 Switch Operation 25

Layer 3 (Multilayer) Switch Operation 26

Useful Commands for Viewing and Editing Catalyst Switch MAC Address Tables 27

Frame Rewrite 28

Distributed Hardware Forwarding 28

Cisco Switching Methods 29

Route Caching 30

Topology-Based Switching 31

Hardware Forward Details 33

Study Tips 34

Summary 34

Review Questions 35

Chapter 3 Campus Network Architecture 41

Implementing VLANs and Trunks in Campus Environment 41

VLAN Overview 42

VLAN Segmentation 44

End-to-End VLANs 44

Local VLANs 45

Comparison of End-to-End VLANs and Local VLANs 46

Mapping VLANs to a Hierarchical Network 47

Implementing a Trunk in a Campus Environment 49

Understanding Native VLAN in 802.1Q Trunking 52

Understanding DTP 53

VLAN Ranges and Mappings 54

Configuring, Verifying, and Troubleshooting VLANs and Trunks 55

Verifying the VLAN Configuration 57

Configuring VLANs and Trunks 61

Best Practices for VLANs and Trunking 65

Voice VLAN Overview 67

Switch Configuration for Wireless Network Support 69

VLAN Trunking Protocol 70

VTP Overview 70

VTP Modes 71

VTP Versions 73

VTP Pruning 74

VTP Authentication 75

VTP Advertisements 75

VTP Messages Types 77

Summary Advertisements 77

Subset Advertisements 77

Configuring and Verifying VTP 78

Overwriting VTP Configuration (Very Common Issue with VTP) 87

Best Practices for VTP Implementation 93

Implementing EtherChannel in a Switched Network 94

The Need for EtherChannel 94

EtherChannel Mode Interactions 97

LACP 97

PAgP 98

Layer 2 EtherChannel Configuration Guidelines 99

EtherChannel Load-Balancing Options 100

Configuring EtherChannel in a Switched Network 102

EtherChannel Configuration and Load Balancing 103

EtherChannel Guard 108

Study Tips 109

Summary 110

Review Questions 110

Chapter 4 Spanning Tree in Depth 119

Spanning Tree Protocol Overview 120

STP Need 120

STP Standards 121

STP Operations 122

Bridge Protocol Data Units 124

Root Bridge Election 124

Root Port Election 126

Designated Port Election 128

STP Port States 129

Per-VLAN STP Plus (PVST+) 130

STP Topology Changes 131

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol 133

RSTP Port Roles 134

Comparison of RSTP and STP Port States 135

RSTP Topology Changes 136

RSTP Link Types 138

Configuring and Modifying STP Behavior 140

Changing STP Priority 143

STP Path Manipulation 145

STP Timers 148

Implementing STP Stability Mechanisms 151

Use UplinkFast 153

Use BackboneFast 154

Use PortFast 156

Securing PortFast Interface with BPDU Guard 158

Disabling STP with BPDU Filter 159

Use Root Guard 161

Loop Guard Overview 164

Use UDLD 166

UDLD Recommended Practices 170

Use FlexLinks 171

STP Stability Mechanisms Recommendations 175

Configuring Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol 179

Introducing MST 179

MST Regions 182

STP Instances with MST 183

Extended System ID for MST 185

Configuring and Verifying MST 185

Configuring MST Path Cost 192

Configuring MST Port Priority 193

MST Protocol Migration 194

MST Recommended Practices 194

Troubleshooting STP 196

Potential STP Problems 196

Duplex Mismatch 196

Unidirectional Link Failure 197

Frame Corruption 197

Resource Errors 198

PortFast Configuration Errors 198

Study Tips 198

Summary 199

Review Questions 200

Chapter 5 Inter-VLAN Routing 203

Describing Inter-VLAN Routing 204

Introduction to Inter-VLAN Routing 204

Inter-VLAN Routing Using an External Router 206

Configuring Inter-VLAN Routing Using an External Router 207

Routing with an External Router 208

External Routers: Advantages Disadvantages 211

Inter-VLAN Routing Using Switch Virtual Interfaces 212

SVI: Advantages and Disadvantages 214

Routing with Routed Ports 214

Routed Ports: Advantages 215

Configuring Inter-VLAN Routing Using SVI and Routed Ports 216

Routing on a Multilayer Switch 217

Using the SVI autostate exclude Command 220

SVI Configuration Checklist 221

Troubleshooting Inter-VLAN Problems 222

Example of a Troubleshooting Plan 223

Layer 2 Versus Layer 3 EtherChannel 225

Layer 3 EtherChannel Configuration 226

Verifying Routing Protocols 229

Implementing DHCP 231

DHCP Overview 231

Configuring DHCP in Multilayer Switched Network 233

Configuring a DHCP Relay 239

Configuring DHCP Options 239

Study Tips 240

Summary 241

Review Questions 242

Chapter 6 First-Hop Redundancy 247

Overview of FHRP and HSRP 247

The Need for First-Hop Redundancy 248

HSRP Overview 250

HSRP State Transition 253

Aligning HSRP with STP Topology 254

Configuring and Tuning HSRP 255

Forwarding Through the Active Router 257

Load Sharing with HSRP 263

The Need for Interface Tracking with HSRP 265

HSRP Interface Tracking 266

HSRP and Object Tracking 268

Configuring HSRP Authentication 271

Tuning HSRP Timers 272

HSRP Versions 274

Configuring Layer 3 Redundancy with VRRP 274

About VRRP 275

Configuring VRRP and Spotting the Differences from HSRP 276

VRRP and Authentication 279

Tracking and VRRP 280

Configuring Layer 3 Redundancy with GLBP 282

Introducing GLBP 282

Comparing GLPB to HSRP 283

GLBP States 284

Configuring and Verifying GLBP 285

GLBP Load-Balancing Options 294

GLBP Authentication 295

GLBP and STP 295

Tracking and GLBP 296

Study Tips 300

Summary 301

References 301

Review Questions 302

Chapter 7 Network Management 305

AAA 305

Authentication Options 307

RADIUS and TACACS+ Overview 308

RADIUS Authentication Process 309

TACACS+ Authentication Process 310

Configuring AAA 311

Configuring RADIUS for Console and vty Access 311

Configuring TACACS+ for Console and vty Access 312

AAA Authorization 313

AAA Accounting 314

Limitations of TACACS+ and RADIUS 315

Identity-Based Networking 316

IEEE 802.1X Port-Based Authentication Overview 316

IEEE 802.1X Configuration Checklist 318

Network Time Protocols 319

The Need for Accurate Time 320

Configuring the System Clock Manually 320

Network Time Protocol Overview 323

NTP Modes 324

Other NTP Configuration Options 326

NTP Example 326

NTP Design Principles 329

Securing NTP 331

NTP Source Address 333

NTP Versions 333

SNTP 335

PTP/IEEE-1588 336

SNMP 336

SNMP Overview 337

SNMP Versions 339

SNMP Best Practices 339

SNMPv3 Configuration Example 340

Verifying SNMP Version 3 Configuration 342

Study Tips 344

Summary 345

Review Questions 345

Chapter 8 Switching Features and Technologies for the Campus Network 351

Discovery Protocols 352

Introduction to LLDP 352

Basic Configuration of LLDP 353

Discovering Neighbors Using LLDP 355

Unidirectional Link Detection 357

UDLD Mechanisms and Specifics 358

UDLD Configuration 358

Leveraging UDLD and STP Loop Guard Together 360

Power over Ethernet 360

PoE Components 362

PoE Standards 362

PoE Negotiation 362

Configuring and Verifying PoE 363

SDM Templates 364

SDM Template Types 365

Choosing the Right SDM Template 367

System Resource Configuration on Other Platforms 367

Monitoring Features 368

SPAN and RSPAN Overview 368

SPAN Configuration 371

RSPAN Configuration 372

IP SLA 374

Introduction to IP SLA 375

IP SLA Source and Responder 377

IP SLA Configuration 377

IP SLA Operation with Responder 379

IP SLA Time Stamps 381

Configuring Authentication for IP SLA 382

IP SLA Example for UDP Jitter 383

Study Tips 384

Summary 385

Review Questions 385

Chapter 9 High Availability 393

The Need for Logical Switching Architectures 394

What Is StackWise? 395

StackWise Benefits 396

Verifying StackWise 396

What Is VSS? 397

VSS Benefits 398

Verifying VSS 399

Redundant Switch Supervisors 401

Supervisor Redundancy Modes 402

Stateful Switchover 403

Nonstop Forwarding 404

Study Tips 405

Summary 405

Review Questions 406

References 406

Chapter 10 Campus Network Security 409

Overview of Switch Security Issues 410

Cisco Switch Security Configuration Best Practices 411

Campus Network Vulnerabilities 414

Rogue Access 414

Switch Vulnerabilities 415

MAC Flooding Attacks 417

Introducing Port Security 419

Port Security Configuration 420

Port Error Conditions 422

Err-Disabled Automatic Recovery 423

Port Access Lists 424

Storm Control 425

Introduction to Storm Control 426

Configuring and Verifying Storm Control on an Interface 427

Mitigating Spoofing Attacks 430

DHCP Spoofing Attacks 430

DHCP Snooping 432

DHCP Option 82 433

DHCP Snooping Example Configuration 433

IP Source Guard 436

IPSG Configuration 438

ARP Spoofing 439

Dynamic ARP Inspection 440

DAI Configuration 441

Securing VLAN Trunks 443

Switch Spoofing 444

VLAN Hopping 446

Protecting Against VLAN Hopping 447

VLAN Access Lists 448

VACL Interaction with ACLs and PACLs 449

Configuring VACLs 450

Private VLANs 451

Introduction to PVLANs 452

PVLAN Port Types 453

PVLAN Configuration 454

PVLAN Verification 456

PVLANs Across Multiple Switches 457

Using the Protected Port Feature 458

Study Tips 458

Summary 459

Review Questions 460

Appendix A Answers to Chapter Review Questions 469

9781587206641 TOC, 4/14/2015

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