Pub. Date:
Oxford University Press, USA
Justice: A Reader

Justice: A Reader

by Michael J. Sandel


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Justice brings together in one indispensable volume essential readings on justice and moral reasoning. With readings from major thinkers from the classical era up to the present, the collection provides a thematic overview of the concept of justice. Moreover, Sandel's organization of the readings and his own commentaries allow readers to engage with a variety of pressing contemporary issues. Looking at a host of ethical dilemmas, including affirmative action, conscription, income distribution, and gay rights, from a variety of angles-morally, legally, politically-the collection engages with the core concerns of political philosophy: individual rights and the claims of community, equality and inequality, morality and law, and ultimately, justice. With concise section introductions that put the readings in context, this anthology is an invaluable tool for students, teachers, and anyone who wishes to engage in the great moral debates that have animated politics from classical times to our own.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195335118
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 09/28/2007
Pages: 432
Product dimensions: 9.90(w) x 6.90(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Michael J. Sandel is the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of Government at Harvard University, where he has taught political philosophy since 1980. He is the author of numerous books, including Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, Democracy's Discontent, Public Philosophy and most recently, The Case against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Doing the Right Thing
The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens (1884) (The lifeboat case)     3
Principles of Morals and Legislation   Jeremy Bentham     9
Utilitarianism   John Stuart Mill     14
Free to Choose   Milton Friedman   Rose Friedman     49
Anarchy, State, and Utopia   Robert Nozick     60
The Constitution of Liberty   Friedrich A. Hayek     73
Locke: Property Rights
Second Treatise of Government   John Locke     83
Markets and Morals: Surrogate Motherhood, Military Service
Tragic Choices   Guido Calabresi   Philip Bobbit     127
Battle Cry of Freedom   James M. McPherson     131
"All Go Down Together"   James Traub     137
In the Matter of Baby 'M' (1987)'     138
In the Matter of Baby 'M' (1988, N.J. Supreme Court)     141
"Is Women's Labor a Commodity?"   Elizabeth S. Anderson     144
Kant: Freedom as Autonomy
Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals   Immanuel Kant     158
"On the Supposed Right to Lie"   Immanuel Kant     199
Rawls: Justice as Fairness
A Theory of Justice   JohnRawls     203
Distributive Justice: Equality, Entitlement, and Merit
A Theory of Justice   John Rawls     223
Anarchy, State, and Utopia   Robert Nozick     226
Affirmative Action: Reverse Discrimination?
"Racial Discrimination or Righting Past Wrongs?"   Richard Bernstein     237
Hopwood v. State of Texas (1996)     240
Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)     243
"Bakke's Case: Are Quotas Unfair?"   Ronald Dworkin     249
"Double Reverse Discrimination"   Jefferson Morley     256
"Proxy War: Liberals Denounce Racial Profiling. Conservatives Denounce Affirmative Action. What's the Difference?"   Michael Brus     261
Aristotle: Justice and Virtue
The Politics   Aristotle     264
Nichomachean Ethics   Aristotle     295
Ability, Disability, and Discrimination: Cheerleaders and Golf Carts
"A Safety Blitz: Texas Cheerleader Loses Status"   Sue Anne Pressley     301
"Honor and Resentment"   Michael J. Sandel     303
"Sorry, Free Rides Not Right"   Bob Ryan     305
"Keep the PGA on Foot"   Tom Kite     306
PGA Tour Inc. v. Casey Martin (2000)     307
Justice, Community, and Membership
After Virtue   Alasdair MacIntyre     315
Democracy's Discontent   Michael J. Sandel     328
Spheres of Justice   Michael Walzer     335
Moral Argument and Liberal Toleration
Political Liberalism   John Rawls     343
"Political Liberalism"   Michael J. Sandel     359
Morality and Law: Same-Sex Marriage, For and Against
Goodridge v. Dept. of Public Health (2003)     379
"Abolish Marriage"   Michael Kinsley     383
"Law, Morality, and 'Sexual Orientation'"   John M. Finnis     384
"Homosexuality and the Conservative Mind"   Stephen Macedo     392
"Universalism, Liberal Theory, and the Problem of Gay Marriage"   Robin West     403
Credits     411

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