The long-awaited follow-up to NVG 2 M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank 1982–92 (1993), this fully illustrated study examines the Abrams tanks' last quarter-century of service with both the United States and its various foreign operators with a focus on its combat history.
Since the Gulf War, the Abrams tank has undergone a transformation, while fighting in conflicts across the world. Its M1A1 and M1A2 variants have seen great improvements made to this iconic tank, including in fire-control, armor protection, and thermal imaging technology. Involvement in the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan necessitated a number of upgrades and modifications as the United States fought two of its longest wars. Recent years have seen new variants of the series such as the ABV Assault Breacher Vehicle and M104 Wolverine Heavy Assault Bridge. Over the past few decades, the M1A1 Abrams has also been extensively exported and is license produced in Egypt.
About the Author
Steven J. Zaloga received his BA in History from Union College and his MA from Columbia University. He has worked as an analyst in the aerospace industry for over three decades, covering missile systems and the international arms trade, and has served with the Institute for Defense Analyses, a federal think tank. He is the author of numerous books on military technology and military history, with an accent on the US Army in World War II as well as Russia and the former Soviet Union. He lives in Maryland, USA.
Table of Contents
Design and Development 4
The M1A1 Abrams MBT 11
Operation Desert Storm 14
The M1A2 16
M1A1 Modification Program 1990-2000 17
M1A2 Upgrade Program 19
Back to War 2003-15 21
Firepower Enhancements 28
The Post-OIF M1A2 Abrams Upgrades 30
Marine Corps M1A1 Improvements 32
Abrams Active Protection Systems 35
Abrams Tank Derivatives 36
Assault Bridge Vehicles
Combat Engineer Breacher Vehicles
Abrams Export 43
Further Reading 47