New Guinea and the Marianas, March 1944-August 1944: History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Vol. 8

New Guinea and the Marianas, March 1944-August 1944: History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Vol. 8

by Samuel Eliot Morison

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Overview


Volume 8 covers five of the most eventful months of the Pacific war. From the end of the Marshall Islands campaign to the recovery of Guam, Morison author details the actions of the entire Pacific Fleet. Particular emphasis is given to the greatest carrier action of all time, the battle of the Philippine Sea, a naval action equal to Midway in tactical interest which was decisive in the outcome of the war. He also covers the bitterly contested Marianas Operation, giving credit to the flexibility and fortitude of U.S. forces.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781591145547
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
Publication date: 03/01/2011
Pages: 496
Sales rank: 624,999
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author


Rear Adm. Samuel Eliot Morison wrote many popular and award-winning books on maritime history. He was the recipient of two Pulitzer Prizes, two Bancroft Prizes, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Abbreviations xxi

Introduction Barrett Tillman xxv

Part I Strategy, Submarines and Strikes

I The Pacific Strategy for 1944 3

1 Two Roads or One? 3

2 Japanese Counter-strategy 10

II Submarine Patrols, December 1943-July 1944 15

III Fast Carrier Strikes on Palau, Hollandia and Truk, 22 March-30 April 1944 27

1 Strikes on Palau, Yap and Woleai 27

2 Strikes on Hollandia, Wakde-Sarmi, and Truk, 30 March-30 April 34

Part II The Conquest of New Guinea

IV The Southwest Pacific Organization 45

1 The Supreme Commander and His Subordinates 45

2 Southwest Pacific Specialties 49

a Seventh Fleet Air Power

b Engineer Special Brigades

c The Assault Pattern

d Motor Torpedo Boats

V Dutch New Guinea and the "Reckless" Plan 59

1 Terrain and Planning 59

2 The Enemy's Situation 65

VI The Hollandia Operation, 21 April-6 June 1944 68

1 Aitape, 22-27 April 68

2 Battle of the Driniumor River, 1 June-10 August 71

3 Tanahmerah Bay, 22 April-6 June 74

4 Humboldt Bay, 22 April-6 June 79

5 Japanese Reaction and Retreat, 22 April-17 May 88

VII Wakde-Sarmi, May 1944 91

VIII Biak, 27 May-1 June 1944 103

1 Biak-Bosnik 103

2 Z-day at Bosnik, 27 May 108

3 The Drive for the Airfields 114

IX The Japanese Reaction to Biak (Operation "Kon"), 27 May-13 June 1944 117

1 Decisions and Air Strikes 117

2 First Reinforcement Attempt, 31 May-4 June 119

3 Battle off Biak, 8-9 June 125

4 A-Go Cancels Kon, Biak Secured, 10-22 June 131

X Noemfoor and Sansapor, 2 July-3 September 1944 134

1 Noemfoor Island, 2 July-31 August 134

2 Sansapor, 30 July-31 August 140

3 New Guinea Epilogue 144

Part III The Marianas

XI Preliminary Poundings and Final Plans, February-April 1944 149

1 Ladrones-Marianas 149

2 First Call, 23 February 154

3 Plans, Problems and Procedures 157

4 Japanese Preparations to Defend Saipan 167

XII Approach and Bombardment, 10 May-14 June 1944 170

1 Rendezvous and Approach, 10 May-10 June 170

2 Fast Carrier Air Strikes, 11-13 June 174

3 Pre-landing Bombardments, 13-15 June 179

4 The Underwater Demolition Teams 183

XIII Saipan, 15-21 June 1944 186

1 D-day Battle, 15 June 186

2 Beachhead Secured, 15-17 June 199

3 Shore Advances and Counterattacks, 17-21 June 206

4 Phelps's Adventures, 16-21 June 210

XIV Battle of the Philippine Sea, Preliminaries, 3 May-18 June 1944 213

1 Operation A-Go, 3 May-13 June 213

2 The Japanese Submarine Offensive, 14 May-4 July 222

3 "Forward to Decisive Victory," 12-15 June 231

4 Strikes on Iwo and Chichi Jima, 15-17 June 237

5 Feeling Each Other Out, 15-18 June 240

XV Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Action, 19-20 June 257

1 "The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot," 19 June 257

a Guam-Rota Phase, 0530-1000

b Ozawa's Four Massive Raids, 1000-1450

c Mop-up on Guam, 1449-1845

2 The Submarines' Contribution, 19 June 278

3 Moving Westward, 2000 June 19-0500 June 20 282

4 The Air Battle of 20 June 288

a The Approach

b Twilight Air Battle, 1840-1900

c Night Recovery, 2045-2300

XVI Battle of the Philippine Sea, Conclusion, 20-24 June 305

1 Stern Chase, 20-22 June 305

2 "Operation Jocko," 24 June 311

3 Victory 313

4 Plane Losses 319

a Japanese

b United States

XVII Saipan Secured, 21 June-9 July 1944 322

1 The Pattern of Air and Naval Support 322

2 The Struggle for Mount Tapotchau, 21-26 June 330

3 The North End Cleared, 27 June-9 July 334

4 Conclusion 337

XVIII Logistics for the Marianas 341

1 Conceptions and Principles 341

2 Food and Fuel 343

3 Ammunition 346

4 Shipping and Stretchers 347

XIX The Fight for Tinian, 24 July-1 August 1944 351

1 Plans and Preparations, 12-23 July 351

2 J-day, 24 July 360

3 Tinian Taken, 25 July-2 August 364

XX Guam Recovered, June-August 1944 371

1 A Deferred Operation 371

2 First Phase of the Assault, 21-28 July 382

a Northern Sector - the Asan Beaches

b Southern Sector - Agat Beaches and Orote

3 Island Secured, 29 July-10 August 398

Appendix I Hollandia Task Organization 403

Appendix II Naval Forces Engaged in the Capture of Saipan and Tinian 407

Appendix III Forces Engaged in the Battle of the Philippine Sea 412

1 United States, 19-20 June 1944 412

2 Japanese Forces in Operation A-Go, 1-20 June 416

Appendix IV Naval Forces Engaged in the Capture of Guam, 21 July-10 August 1944 418

Index 423

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