ISBN-10:
0071283226
ISBN-13:
9780071283229
Pub. Date:
01/01/2009
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Niebel's Methods, Standards, and Work Design / Edition 12

Niebel's Methods, Standards, and Work Design / Edition 12

by Andris Freivalds, Benjamin Niebel
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Overview

Faced with increasing global competition, every industry, business, and service organization is restructuring itself to operate more efficiently. Cost-effectiveness and optimized work design are the keys to successful activity in business, industry, and government, and is the end result of methods engineering.

In the twenty-first century, it is essential that the industrial engineer consider both productivity issues and their effects on the health and safety of the worker. This comprehensive text addresses this need by integrating the traditional elements of motion and time study along with human factors and ergonomics and safety engineering.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780071283229
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 01/01/2009
Pages: 768
Product dimensions: 7.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     x
Methods, Standards, and Work Design: Introduction     1
Productivity Importance     1
Methods and Standards Scope     4
Historical Developments     9
Summary     16
Questions     18
References     18
Websites     19
Problem-Solving Tools     21
Exploratory Tools     22
Recording and Analysis Tools     29
Quantitative Tools, Worker and Machine Relationships     41
Summary     63
Questions     64
Problems     65
References     69
Selected Software     70
Operation Analysis     71
Operation Purpose     74
Part Design     75
Tolerances and Specifications     78
Material     81
Manufacture Sequence and Process     86
Setup and Tools     93
Material Handling     98
Plant Layout     108
Work Design     116
Summary     118
Questions     118
Problems     121
References     122
Selected Software     123
Selected Videotapes/DVDs     123
Manual Work Design     125
The Musculoskeletal System     126
Principles of Work Design: Human Capabilities and Motion Economy     128
Motion Study     145
Manual Work and Design Guidelines     150
Summary     171
Questions     171
Problems     172
References     173
Selected Software     175
Websites     175
Workplace, Equipment, and Tool Design     177
Anthropometry and Design     177
Principles of Work Design: The Workplace     181
Principles of Work Design: Machines and Equipment     195
Cumulative Trauma Disorders     202
Principles of Work Design: Tools     207
Summary     220
Questions     222
Problems     223
References     226
Selected Software     228
Websites     229
Work Environment Design     231
Illumination     231
Noise     240
Temperature     249
Ventilation     254
Vibration      255
Radiation     259
Shiftwork and Working Hours     260
Summary     266
Questions     267
Problems     269
References     270
Selected Software     272
Websites     272
Design of Cognitive Work     273
Information Theory     273
Human Information Processing Model     275
Coding of Information: General Design Principles     293
Display of Visual Information: Specific Design Principles     297
Display of Auditory Information: Specific Design Principles     302
Human-Computer Interaction: Hardware Considerations     303
Human-Computer Interaction: Software Considerations     307
Summary     309
Questions     310
Problems     310
References     315
Selected Software     317
Websites     317
Workplace and Systems Safety     319
Basic Philosophies of Accident Causation and Prevention     320
Accident Prevention Process     327
Probability Methods     335
Reliability     338
Fault Tree Analysis     344
Safety Legislation and Workers' Compensation     351
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)     354
Hazard Control     361
General Housekeeping     363
Summary     366
Questions     367
Problems     367
References     370
Websites     370
Proposed Method Implementation     371
Decision-Making Tools     372
Installation     386
Job Evaluation     389
Americans with Disabilities Act     396
Follow-up     397
Successful Methods Implementations     398
Summary     400
Questions     400
Problems     401
References     402
Selected Software     403
Time Study     405
A Fair Day's Work     406
Time Study Requirements     406
Time Study Equipment     408
Time Study Elements     414
Start of Study     416
Execution of Study     424
Calculating the Study     426
The Standard Time     428
Summary     433
Questions     434
Problems      435
References     437
Selected Software     437
Selected Videotapes     438
Performance Rating and Allowances     439
Standard Performance     440
Sound Rating Characteristics     441
Rating Methods     442
Rating Application and Analysis     447
Rating Training     450
Allowances     452
Constant Allowances     454
Variable Fatigue Allowances     455
Special Allowances     466
Applying Allowances     469
Summary     470
Questions     470
Problems     472
References     473
Selected Software     475
Selected Videotapes     475
Standard Data and Formulas     477
Standard Time Data Development     478
Formula Construction from Empirical Data     481
Analytical Formulas     487
Using Standard Data     492
Summary     492
Questions     494
Problems     494
References     497
Selected Software     497
Predetermined Time Systems      499
Methods-Time Measurement     500
Maynard Operation Sequence Technique (MOST)     524
Predetermined Time Application     534
Summary     539
Questions     540
Problems     540
References     542
Selected Software     543
Work Sampling     545
The Theory of Work Sampling     546
Selling Work Sampling     551
Planning the Work Sampling Study     552
Recording Observations     560
Machine and Operator Utilization     561
Determining Allowances     564
Determining Standard Time     564
Self-Observation     567
Work Sampling Software     569
Summary     571
Questions     572
Problems     572
References     574
Selected Software     575
Selected Videotapes     575
Indirect and Expense Labor Standards     577
Indirect and Expense Work Standards     578
Standard Indirect and Expense Labor Data     592
Professional Performance Standards     594
Summary     598
Questions      600
Problems     600
References     601
Standards Follow-up and Uses     603
Maintaining Standard Times     604
Using Standards     606
Costing     614
Summary     621
Questions     621
Problems     621
References     622
Wage Payment     623
Day Work Plans     624
Flexible Compensation Plans     624
Implementing Wage Incentives     635
Nonfinancial Performance Motivation Plans     640
Summary     641
Questions     642
Problems     643
References     645
Selected Software     645
Training and Other Management Practices     647
Operator Training     648
The Learning Curve     649
Employees and Motivation     654
Human Interactions     659
Communications     663
Modern Management Practices     668
Summary     672
Questions     672
Problems     673
References     674
Selected Software     675
Glossary      677
Helpful Formulas     696
Special Tables     698
Index     711

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