ISBN-10:
0791802574
ISBN-13:
9780791802571
Pub. Date:
04/08/2013
Publisher:
ASME Press
Pipeline Design and Construction: A Practical Approach / Edition 3

Pipeline Design and Construction: A Practical Approach / Edition 3

by Mo Mohitpour, H. Golshan, A. Murray

Hardcover

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Overview

By Mo Mohitpour, Hossein Golshan and Alan Murray

This third edition of this highly successful volume is fully updated and includes new information on buoyancy control, Trenchless Crossing methods, as well as on Compressor Fuel Calculations and Optimization, Hydrotesting and LPG Pipelining. This book offers straightforward, practical techniques for pipeline design and construction, making it an ideal professional reference, training tool, or comprehensive text.

The authors present the various elements that make up a single-phase liquid and gas pipeline system, including how to design, construct, commission, and assess pipelines and related facilities. They discuss gas and liquid transmission, compression, pumps, protection and integrity, procurement services, and the management of pipeline projects. More complex specialty fluids are also covered, including CO2, H2, slurry and multi-products.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780791802571
Publisher: ASME Press
Publication date: 04/08/2013
Edition description: 3RD
Pages: 760
Sales rank: 865,308
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 10.30(h) x 1.70(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsvii
Forewordxi
Dedicationxiii
Prefacexv
Metric Conversion Tablexvii
Chapter 1Elements of Pipeline Design1
Introduction1
Fluid Properties2
Environment2
Effects of Pressure and Temperature3
Supply/Demand Scenario, Route Selection7
Codes and Standards8
Environmental and Hydrological Considerations8
Economics12
Materials/Construction15
Operation16
Pipeline Protection17
Pipeline Integrity Monitoring19
References21
Chapter 2Pipeline Route Selection, Survey and Geotechnical Guidelines23
Introduction23
Preliminary Route Selection23
Key Factors for Route Selection24
Engineering Survey31
Legal Survey36
Construction/As-Built Survey36
Geotechnical Design44
References55
Chapter 3Natural Gas Transmission57
Introduction57
General Flow Equation--Steady State57
Impact of Gas Molecular Weight and Compressibility Factor on Flow Capacity71
Flow Regimes74
Widely Used Steady-State Flow Equations78
Summary of the Impact of Different Gas and Pipeline Parameters on the Gas Flow Efficiency83
Pressure Drop Calculation for Pipelines in Series and Parallel83
Pipeline Gas Velocity92
Erosional Velocity94
Optimum Pressure Drop for Design Purposes96
Pipeline Packing96
Determining Gas Leakage Using Pressure Drop Method97
Wall Thickness/Pipe Grade100
Temperature Profile106
Optimization Process110
Gas Transmission Solved Problems118
References127
Chapter 4Gas Compression and Coolers129
Introduction129
Types of Compressors129
Compressor Drivers131
Compressor Station Configuration135
Thermodynamics of Isothermal and Adiabatic Gas Compression137
Temperature Change in Adiabatic Gas Compression144
Thermodynamics of Polytropic Gas Compression147
Gas Compressors in Series150
Centrifugal Compressor Horsepower160
Enthalpy/Entropy Charts (Mollier Diagram)162
Centrifugal Compressor Performance Curve167
Influence of Pipeline Resistance on Centrifugal Compressor Performance171
Reciprocating Compressors175
Gas Compression Solved Problems177
Gas Coolers202
Introduction202
Air-Cooled Heat Exchangers202
Coolers Heat Transfer Equations203
Fan Air Mass Flow Rate208
Required Fan Power208
Gas Pressure Drop in Coolers209
Iterative Procedure for Calculations Based on Unknown T[subscript 2]211
References212
Chapter 5Liquid Flow and Pumps215
Introduction215
Fully Developed Laminar Flow in a Pipe215
Turbulent Flow219
Centrifugal Pumps227
Retrofitting for Centrifugal Pumps (Radial-Flow)246
Pump Station Control247
Pump Station Piping Design249
References249
Chapter 6Transient Flow in Liquid and Gas Pipelines251
Purpose of Transient Analysis251
Background251
Theoretical Fundamentals and Transient Solution Technique253
Applications256
Computer Applications270
References299
Chapter 7Pipeline Mechanical Design301
Introduction301
Codes and Standards301
Location Classification301
Pipeline Design Formula302
Expansion and Flexibility308
Joint Design for Pipes of Unequal Wall Thickness323
Valve Assemblies351
Scraper Traps360
Buoyancy Control368
Crossings378
Depth of Cover387
Aerial Markings388
Warning Signs388
References388
Chapter 8Materials Selection and Quality Management391
Introduction391
Elements of Design391
Materials Designation Standards411
Quality Management415
Summary424
References424
Chapter 9Pipeline Construction427
Introduction427
Construction427
Commissioning464
References472
Chapter 10Pipeline Protection473
Introduction473
Pipeline Coating473
Cathodic Protection480
Cathodic Protection Calculations for Land Pipelines492
Internal Corrosion498
References498
Chapter 11Pipeline Integrity499
Introduction499
References520
Chapter 12Specialty Fluid Transmission521
Introduction521
Carbon Dioxide Pipeline Transmission545
References601
Glossary of Terms605
Appendices
ARoute Selection for Project Success: Addressing "Feeling/Perception" Issues613
BImpact of Different Gas and Pipeline Parameters on the Flow Efficiency of Pipeline627
CTemperature Computations in Fluid Transmission Pipelines633
DSample Calculations from Chapter 9645
Hydrostatic Yield Plot645
ECathodic Protection Problem Solution647
Index649

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