Pub. Date:
Indiana University Press
Practical Reasoning in Bioethics / Edition 1

Practical Reasoning in Bioethics / Edition 1

by James F. Childress


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This is a valuable clarification, re-statement and defence of principlism as an approach to applied ethics. It is strongly recommended to many teachers of bioethics..." —Journal of the American Medical Association

Childress’ book deserves careful study by all concerned with the ethical aspect of contemporary biomedical challenges." —Science Books & Films

An ideal supplement for a graduate seminar on bioethics or for upper-division undergraduates needing more information in this area." —Choice

In these revised and updated essays, renowned ethicist James F. Childress highlights the role of imagination in practical reasoning through various metaphors and analogies. His discussion of ethical problems contributes to a better understanding of the scope and strength of different moral principles, such as justice, beneficence, and respect for autonomy. At the same time, Childress demonstrates the major role of metaphorical, analogical, and symbolic reasoning in biomedical ethics, largely in conjunction with, rather than in opposition to, principled reasoning.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780253332189
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Publication date: 03/22/1997
Series: Medical Ethics
Pages: 400
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.24(d)

About the Author

James F. Childress is the Edwin B. Kyle Professor of Religious Studies and Professor of Medical Education at the University of Virginia, where he also co-directs the Virginia Health Policy Center. He is the author of over a hundred articles, many of them in biomedical ethics; his several books include Principles of Biomedical Ethics (with Tom L. Beauchamp), Who Should Decide? Paternalism in Health Care, and Priorities in Biomedical Ethics.

Table of Contents

Part One: Principles, Metaphors, and Analogies
1. Metaphor and Analogy in Bioethics
2. Ethical Theories, Principles, and Casuistry in Bioethics: An Interpretation and Defense
of Principlism
3. Metaphors and Models of Doctor-Patient Relationships: Their Implications for
Autonomy with Mark Siegler
Part Two: Respect for Autonomy: Its Implications and Limitations
4. If You Let Them, They’d Stay in Bed All Morning: The Principle of Respect for
Autonomy and the Tyranny of Regulation in Nursing Home Life
5. How Much Should the Cancer Patient Know and Decide? with Bettina Schoene-Seifert
6. Mandatory HIV Screening and Testing
Part Three: Termination of Life-Sustaining Treatment
7. "Who Is a Doctor to Decide Whether a Person Lives or Dies?": Reflections on Dax’s
Case with Courtney S. Campbell
8. Must Patients Always Be Given Food and Water? with Joanne Lynn
9. When Is It Morally Justifiable to Discontinue Medical Nutrition and Hydration?
Part Four: Allocation of Health Care
10. Who Shall Live When Not All Can Live?
11. Triage in Intensive Care: The Possibilities and Limitations of a Metaphor
12. Fairness in the Allocation and Delivery of Health Care: A Case Study of Organ
13. Rights to Health Care in a Democratic Society
Part Five: Obtaining Organs and Tissues for Transplantation
14. Ethical Criteria for Policies to Obtain Organs for Transplantation
15. Human Body Parts as Property: An Assessment of Ownership, Sales, and Financial
16. Ethics, Public Policy, and Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation
Notes Index

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