ISBN-10:
0205326560
ISBN-13:
9780205326563
Pub. Date:
09/06/2000
Publisher:
Pearson Education
Social Problems in a Diverse Society Online / Edition 1

Social Problems in a Diverse Society Online / Edition 1

by Diana Elizabeth Kendall

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205326563
Publisher: Pearson Education
Publication date: 09/06/2000
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 320
Product dimensions: 7.52(w) x 9.25(h) x 4.28(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Taking a New Look at Social Problems
1(38)
Social Problems and Social Policy: Do Guns Kill People or Do People Kill People?
3(2)
What Is a Social Problem?
5(2)
Subjective Awareness and Objective Reality
6(1)
Why Study Social Problems?
6(1)
The Sociological Imagination and Social Problems
7(1)
Sociological Perspectives on Social Problems
7(6)
The Functionalist Perspective
8(2)
The Conflict Perspective
10(2)
The Interactionist Perspective
12(1)
Social Research Methods for Studying Social Problems
13(6)
Field Research
14(1)
Survey Research
14(1)
Secondary Analysis of Existing Data
14(1)
Social Problems and Information Technology: Studying Violence in Television Programming
15(2)
In Sum
17(1)
Summary
17(1)
Key Terms
18(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
18(1)
Wealth and Poverty
U.S. and Global Economic Inequalities
19(1)
Wealth and Poverty in Global Perspective
20(1)
Analyzing U.S. Class Inequality
21(6)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: "Cheap Labor" and Global Wealth and Poverty
23(1)
Wealth versus Income Inequality
24(1)
Divisions in the U.S. Class Structure
24(3)
Poverty in the United States
27(4)
The Poverty Line
27(1)
Who Are the Poor?
27(3)
Consequences of Poverty
30(1)
Social Welfare in the United States
31(8)
Explanations for Poverty
31(1)
Social Problems and Social Policy: The End of Welfare as We Know It?
32(2)
Can Class-Based Inequality Be Reduced?
34(1)
Summary
35(1)
Key Terms
36(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
37(2)
Racial and Ethnic Inequality
39(20)
Racial and Ethnic Inequality as a Social Problem
41(2)
What Are Race and Ethnicity?
41(1)
"Official" Racial and Ethnic Classifications
41(1)
The Meaning of Majority and Minority Groups
42(1)
Racism, Prejudice, and Discrimination
43(1)
Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Inequality
43(5)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: Racism in Canada
44(1)
Social-Psychological Perspectives
44(1)
Interactionist Perspectives
45(1)
Functionalist Perspectives
45(1)
Conflict Perspectives
46(1)
Social Problems in the Media: Don't Blink: Latinas and Lations in Television
47(1)
Inequalities among Racial and Ethnic Groups
48(7)
Native Americans (American Indians)
48(1)
African Americans
49(3)
Latinos/as (Hispanic Americans)
52(1)
Asian and Pacific Americans
53(1)
Social Problems and Social Policy: Social Justice: Beyond Black and White
54(1)
Summary
55(1)
Can Racial and Ethnic Inequalities Be Reduced?
55(4)
Summary
57(1)
Key Terms
58(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
58(1)
Gender Inequality
59(67)
Gender Inequality as a Social Problem
61(1)
Defining Sex and Gender
61(1)
Biological and Social Bases for Gender Roles
61(1)
Gender Inequality and Socialization
62(5)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: "Shall I Serve Tea at Home, the Office, or Both?": The Dilemma of Women in Japan
63(1)
Gender Socialization by Parents
64(1)
Peers and Gender Socialization
64(1)
Education and Gender Socialization
64(2)
Sports and Gender Socialization
66(1)
The Media and Gender Socialization
66(1)
Contemporary Gender Inequality
67(7)
The Gendered Division of Paid Work
67(2)
The Wage Gap
69(2)
Sexual Harassment
71(1)
The Glass Ceiling and the Glass Escalator
72(1)
The Double Shift
73(1)
Perspectives on Gender Inequality
74(2)
The Interactionist Perspective
74(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
75(1)
Conflict and Feminist Perspectives
75(1)
Can Gender Inequality Be Reduced?
76(50)
Summary
77(1)
Social Problems and Social Policy: The Women's Movement and Social Policy: "If You Want the Job Done, Do It Yourself"
78(1)
Key Terms
79(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
79(47)
Inequality Based On Age
Ageism as a Social Problem
Age-Based Stereotypes
Social Inequality and the Life Course
Social Problems in the Media: Media Ageism and Reporting on Teenagers
Death and Dying
Social Problems in Global Perspective: Quantity versus Quality of Life: Suicide and the Graying of the Globe
Problems Associated with Aging
Workplace Discrimination
Retirement and Changing Roles
Health, Illness, and Health Care
Victimization
Social Problems and Social Policy: Government-Funded Health Care for Older People: Medicare
Family Problems and Social Isolation
Housing Patterns and Long-Term Care Facilities
Perspectives on Aging and Social Inequality
The Functionalist Perspective
The Interactionist Perspective
The Conflict Perspective
Can Age-Based Inequality Be Reduced?
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Critical Thinking
Inequality Based on Sexual Orientation
Nature and Extent of Inequality Based on Sexual Orientation
Ideological Bases of Inequality Based on Sexual Orientation
Religion and Sexual Orientation
Social Problems in the Media: Depictions of Gay Men and Lesbians in Television Programming: Realistic or Not?
Law and Sexual Orientation
Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation
Lack of Marital Rights
Parental Rights
Housing Discrimination
Discrimination in Medical Care
Occupational Discrimination
Discrimination in the Military
Victimization and Hate Crimes
Social Problems and Social Policy: School's Out: Closing the Books on Homophobia
Perspectives on Sexual Orientation and Social Inequality
Biological and Psychological Perspectives
Interactionist Perspectives
Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives
Can Inequalities Based on Sexual Orientation Be Reduced?
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Critical Thinking
Prostitution, Pornography, and the Sex Industry
126
Deviance, the Sex Industry, and Social Problems
Prostitution in Global Perspective
The World's Oldest Profession?
The Global Sex Industry
Social Problems in Global Perspective: Economic Development or Childhood Sexual Slavery?
Prostitution in the United States
The Nature of Prostitution
The Extent of Prostitution
Prostitution and Age, Class, and Race
Sociological Perspectives on Prostitution
The Functionalist Perspective
The Interactionist Perspective
The Conflict Perspective
Pornography
The Social Construction of Pornography as a Social Problem
The Nature and Extent of Pornography
Research on Pornography
Pornography and Age, Gender, Class, and Race
Social Problems and Information Technology: Cracking Down on Internet Child Pornography
The Future of Pornography and the Sex Industry
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Critical Thinking
Alcohol and Other Drugs
Drug Use and Abuse
Defining Drug Abuse
Drug Addiction
Alcohol Use and Abuse
Alcohol Consumption and Class, Gender, Age, and Race
Alcohol-Related Social Problems
Social Problems in the Media: A Fading Drumbeat against Drunken Driving?
Tobacco (Nicotine) Use as a Social Problem
Prescription Drugs, Over-the-Counter Drugs, and Caffeine
Prescription Drugs
Over-the-Counter Drugs
Caffeine
Illegal Drug Use and Abuse
Marijuana
Social Problems and Social Policy: The Battle over Marijuana: Medicalization or Legalization?
Stimulants
Depressants
Narcotics
Hallucinogens
Explanations of Drug Abuse
Biological Explanations
Psychological Explanations
Sociological Explanations
The Future of Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Prevention Programs
Treatment Programs
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Critical Thinking
Crime and Criminal Justice
89(28)
Crime as a Social Problem
90(2)
Problems with Official Statistics
91(1)
Defining Crime and Delinquency
91(1)
Types of Crimes
92(9)
Violent Crime
93(2)
Social Problems in the Media: What Makes Murder So Newsworthy?
95(3)
Property Crime
98(1)
Occupational (White-Collar) Crime
99(1)
Corporate Crime
99(1)
Organized Crime
100(1)
Juvenile Delinquency
100(1)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: Organized Crime: The Global Empire
101(1)
Who Commits Crimes?
101(2)
Biological and Psychological Explanations of Crime
103(2)
Biological Explanations
104(1)
Psychological Explanations
104(1)
Sociological Explanations of Crime
105(3)
The Functionalist Perspective
105(2)
The Conflict Perspective
107(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
108(1)
The Criminal Justice System
108(9)
The Police
108(2)
The Courts
110(1)
Punishment and the Prisons
110(2)
Social Problems and Social Policy: Crime Prevention or the Prison-Industrial Complex?
112(1)
The Death Penalty
113(1)
Summary
113(2)
Key Terms
115(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
115(2)
Health Care Problems of Physical and Mental Illness
117(22)
Health Care as a Social Problem
119(4)
Acute and Chronic Diseases and Disability
119(3)
The AIDS Crisis
122(1)
Mental Illness as a Social Problem
123(5)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: AIDS in Thailand and India: Two Different Patterns
124(2)
Treatment of Mental Illness
126(1)
Race, Class, Gender, and Mental Disorders
127(1)
The Crisis in U.S. Health Care
128(6)
Health Care Organization, Rising Costs, and Unequal Access
128(1)
Social Problems and Social Policy: Health Care: The Canadian Model
129(3)
The Uninsured and the Underinsured
132(1)
Race, Class, Gender, and Health Care
133(1)
Sociological Explanations for Health Care Problems
134(5)
The Functionalist Perspective
134(1)
The Conflict Perspective
135(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
136(1)
Summary
137(1)
Key Terms
138(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
138(1)
The Changing Family
139(24)
The Nature of Families
141(3)
Changing Family Structure and Patterns
141(1)
Are U.S. Families in Decline?
141(2)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: The Changing Family around the World
143(1)
Changing Views on Marriage and Families
144(1)
Sociological Perspectives on Family-Related Problems
144(3)
Functionalist Perspectives
144(1)
Conflict and Feminist Perspectives
145(1)
Interactionist Perspectives
146(1)
Diversity in Intimate Relationships and Families
147(3)
Singlehood
147(1)
Postponing Marriage
147(1)
Cohabitation and Domestic Partnerships
148(1)
Dual-Earner Marriages
148(1)
Comparing Two-Parent and One-Parent Households
149(1)
Child-Related Family Issues
150(5)
Reproductive Freedom, Contraception, and Abortion
150(2)
Infertility and New Reproductive Technologies
152(1)
Adoption
153(1)
Teen Pregnancies and Unmarried Motherhood
153(2)
Divorce and Remarriage
155(1)
Domestic Violence
156(2)
Child Abuse
156(1)
Spouse Abuse
157(1)
Social Responses to Domestic Violence
158(1)
Family-Related Problems in the Twenty-First Century
158(5)
Social Problems and Social Policy: Day Care: Jump-Starting the Stalled Revolution
159(1)
Summary
160(1)
Key Terms
161(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
161(2)
Problems in Education
163(22)
Sociological Perspectives on Education
165(5)
Functionalist Perspectives
165(1)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: Education in Japan: The Underside of Excellence
166(1)
Conflict Perspective
167(1)
Interactionist Perspectives
168(2)
Problems in U.S. Education
170(4)
What Can Be Done about Illiteracy?
170(1)
Immigration and Increasing Diversity in Schools
171(1)
Educational Opportunities and Race, Class, and Gender
172(2)
School Violence
174(1)
Problems in School Financing
174(1)
Problems in Higher Education
175(5)
Social Problems in the Media: Channel One: Commercialism in the Classroom
176(1)
The Soaring Cost of a College Education
176(1)
The Continuing Debate over Affirmative Action
177(3)
Educational Problems in the Twenty-First Century
180(5)
Summary
182(1)
Key Terms
183(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
184(1)
Problems in Politics and the Global Economy
185(24)
Types of Economies
187(1)
Preindustrial Economies
187(1)
Industrial Economies
187(1)
Postindustrial Economies
187(1)
Three Major Modern Economic Systems
188(1)
Problems in the Global Economy
189(1)
Transnational Corporations and the Lack of Accountability
189(1)
Problems in the U.S. Economy
190(4)
Concentration of Wealth
190(1)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: Global Consumerism: Something for Everyone?
191(1)
The National Debt and Consumer Debt
192(1)
Corporate Welfare
193(1)
Problems in U.S. Politics
194(7)
Voter Apathy and the Gender Gap
194(1)
Politics and Money in Political Campaigns
195(2)
Government by Special-Interest Groups
197(1)
Social Problems and Social Policy: Campaign Reform
198(1)
Government by Bureaucracy
199(1)
The Military-Industrial Complex
200(1)
Sociological Perspectives on the Political Economy
201(2)
The Functionalist Perspective
201(1)
The Conflict Perspective
201(2)
Problems in Politics and the Economy in the Twenty-First Century
203(6)
Summary
203(1)
Key Terms
204(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
205(4)
Problems in the Media
The Political Economy of Media Industries
Media Ownership and Control
Problems Associated with Convergence
Global Media Issues
Social Problems in the Media: Virtual Media versus the Mainstream Press
Potential Media Effects
Aggression, Violence, and the Media
Social Problems in Global Perspective: The Depiction of Africa by the Global Media: Omissions and Commissions
Perpetuation of Race and Gender Stereotypes in the Media
Sociological Perspectives on Media-Related Problems
The Interactionist Perspective
The Functionalist Perspective
The Conflict Perspective
The Media in the Twenty-First Century
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Critical Thinking
Population and the Environmental Crisis
209(24)
Global Overpopulation
210(7)
Population Growth
210(2)
The Impact of Population Growth
212(1)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: Challenges and Opportunities Presented by Worldwide Migration
213(2)
World Hunger
215(2)
Controlling Fertility
217(1)
Family Planning
217(1)
Zero Population Growth
217(1)
Immigration and Its Consequences
218(2)
Population and the Environment
220(8)
Economic Growth and Environmental Degradation
220(1)
Air Pollution
221(3)
Problems with Water, Soil, and Forests
224(1)
Solid, Toxic, and Nuclear Wastes
225(1)
Social Problems and Social Policy: What to Do with Waste? NIMBY (Not in My Back Yard!)
226(2)
Sociological Perspectives on Population and the Environment
228(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
228(1)
The Conflict Perspective
228(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
229(1)
Population and the Environment in the Twenty-First Century
229(4)
Summary
230(2)
Key Terms
232(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
232(1)
Urban Problems
233(22)
Changes in U.S. Cities
235(2)
Early Urban Growth and Social Problems
235(1)
Contemporary Urban Growth
236(1)
Urban Problems in the United States
237(8)
Fiscal Crisis in Cities
237(2)
The Crisis in Health Care
239(1)
Housing Problems
239(1)
Social Problems in the Media: Homelessness and the Holidays
240(3)
Racial and Ethnic Segregation
243(2)
Problems in Global Cities
245(2)
Sociological Perspectives on Urban Problems
247(4)
The Functionalist Perspective
247(1)
The Conflict Perspective
248(1)
Social Problems and Social Policy: Urban Empowerment Zones: A New Initiative
249(1)
The Interacionist Perspective
250(1)
Urban Problems in the Twenty-First Century
251(4)
Summary
251(1)
Key Terms
252(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
253(2)
Global Social Problems War and Terrorism
255(22)
War as a Social Problem
257(5)
The Nature of War
257(1)
The Consequences of War
258(1)
Social Problems in Global Perspective: Surviving the War in Bosnia
259(3)
Military Technology and War
262(1)
Global Terrorism
263(1)
Domestic Terrorism in the United States
264(2)
Explanations of War and Terrorism
266(4)
Social Problems in the Media: Media and Terrorism: What Is the Line between Information and Fear?
267
Biological Perspectives
266(2)
Psychological Perspectives
268(1)
Sociological Explanations
269(1)
War and Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century
270(7)
Summary
271(2)
Key Terms
273(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
273(4)
Can Social Problems Be Solved?
A Review of Major Social Theories on Social Problems
Social Change and Reducing Social Problems
Microlevel Attempts to Solve Social Problems
Seeking Individual Solutions to Personal Problems
Limitations of the Microlevel Solutions Approach
Mid-Range Attempts to Solve Social Problems
Groups That Help People Cope with Their Problems
Grassroots Groups That Work for Community-Based Change
Limitations of the Mid-Level Solutions Approach
Social Problems and Social Policy: "If You Don't Work, You Don't Sleep"
Macrolevel Attempts to Solve Social Problems
Working through Special Interest Groups for Political Change
Working through National Social Movements to Reduce Problems
Limitations of the Macrolevel Solution Approach
Social Problems in the Media: Mobilizing for Change through the Echo Effect
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Critical Thinking
Glossary 277(6)
References 283(20)
Name Index 303(8)
Subject Index 311

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