Souvenirs of the Fur Trade: Northwest Coast Indian Art and Artifacts Collected by American Mariners, 1788-1844 available in Paperback
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American mariners made more than 175 voyages to the Northwest Coast during the half-century after the ships Columbia and Washington pioneered the route from Boston in 1787. Although obtaining sea otter pelts for the China trade was the original purpose of the voyages, the art and culture of Northwest Coast Indians so intrigued and fascinated American sailors that the collecting of ethnographic artifacts became an important secondary trade. The Indians traded masks, hats, paddles, pipes, fishhooks, spoons, clothing, and canoe models from their canoes to the decks of Yankee vessels.
In this act of exchange, the artifacts moved from one world to anotherfirst to shipboard, and later to the "cabinets of curiosities" of learned societies in Massachusetts, where many of them found homes. The objects were the first examples of Northwest Coast Indian material culture to enter American museums, and they influenced perceptions of Northwest Coast Indian people and their complex cultures.
By carefully researching the records of ten institutions and the shipboard journals of more than a dozen mariners, Mary Malloy has brought details about these early collections together for the first time. From utilitarian objects to artistic masterpieces, these souvenirs tell a story of commerce and cultural exchange that reached across the continent during the period when Americans were first beginning to look westward.
About the Author
Mary Malloy teaches Maritime Studies at the Sea Education Association in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. She is the author of "Boston Men" on the Northwest Coast: The American Maritime Fur Trade, 1788-1844, and "A Most Remarkable Enterprise": Lectures on the Northwest Coast Trade and Northwest Coast Indian Life by Captain William Sturgis.
Table of Contents
PART 1: COLLECTING ON THE COAST
Yankee Observations of Northwest Coast Indian Life
Souvenirs and Scientific Collecting
PART 2: NORTHWEST COAST INDIAN ARTIFACTS IN NEW ENGLAND COLLECTIONS
Salem East India Marine Society, 1799
Massachusetts Historical Society, 1791
Dartmouth College Museum, 1772
Deerfield Academy Museum, 1797
Boston Athenaeum, 1807
American Antiquarian Society, 1812
Boston Marine Society, 1742
Boston Museum, 1841
Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, 1867
Newburyport Marine Society, 1772
Historical Society of Old Newbury, 1877
Newburyport Maritime Society, 1974