The Prince Wordsworth Classics of World Literature

The Prince Wordsworth Classics of World Literature

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Overview

For over four hundred years, The Prince has been the basic handbook of politics, statesmanship, and power. Written by a Florentine nobleman whose name has become a synonym for crafty plotting, this fascinating document is as pertinent today as when it first appeared. The most successful statesman of his era, Machiavelli wanted to set down for all time the rules and moves in the ageless game of politics. The result is this highly readable, witty -- and devilishly shrewd -- formula that has long been required reading for anyone interested in politics and power.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780788191596
Publisher: DIANE Publishing Company
Publication date: 06/28/2000
Pages: 143
Product dimensions: 5.03(w) x 7.79(h) x 0.41(d)

Read an Excerpt

The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli

Seventeenth Chapter: Concerning Cruelty and Clemency, and Whether It Is Better to Be Loved Than Feared

...Upon this a question arises: whether it be better to be loved than feared or feared than loved? It may be answered that one should wish to be both, but, because it is difficult to unite them in one person, it is much safer to be feared than loved, when, of the two, either must be dispensed with. Because this is to be asserted in general of men, that they are ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, covetous, and as long as you succeed, they are yours entirely; they will offer you their blood, property, life, and children, as is said above, when the need is far distant; but when it approaches they turn against you. And that prince, who, relying entirely on their promises, has neglected other precautions, is ruined; because friendships that are obtained by payments, and not by greatness or by nobility of mind, may indeed be earned, but they are not secured, and in time of need cannot be relied upon; and men have less scruple in offending one who is beloved than one who is feared, for love is preserved by the link of obligation which, owing to the baseness of men, is broken at every opportunity for their advantage; but fear preserves you by a dread of punishment which never fails....

Twenty-First Chapter: How a Prince Should Conduct Himself So as to Gain Renown

...A prince is also respected when he is either a true friend or a downright enemy, that is to say, when, without any reservation, he declares himself in favour of one party against the other; which course will always be more advantageous than standing neutral; because if two of your powerful neighbours come to blows, they are of such a character that, if one of them conquers, you have either to fear him or not. In either case it will always be more advantageous for you to declare yourself and to make war strenously; because, in the first case, if you do not declare yourself, you will invariably fall a prey to the conqueror, to the pleasure and satisfaction of his who has been conquered, and you will have no reasons to offer, nor anything to protect or to shelter you. Because he who conquers does not want doubtful friends who will not aid him in the time of trial; and he who loses will not harbour you because you did not willingly, sword in hand, court his fate....

Translation by: W.K. Marriott

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Mentor Edition7
1.The various kinds of Government and the ways by which they are established33
2.Of Hereditary Monarchies34
3.Of Mixed Monarchies35
4.Why the Kingdom of Darius, occupied by Alexander, did not rebel against the successors of the latter after his death43
5.The way to govern Cities or Dominions that, previous to being occupied, lived under their own Laws46
6.Of New Dominions which have been acquired by one's own arms and ability48
7.Of New Dominions acquired by the Power of others or by Fortune52
8.Of those who have attained the position of Prince by villainy59
9.Of the Civic Principality63
10.How the strength of all States should be measured67
11.Of Ecclesiastical Principalities69
12.The different kinds of Militia and Mercenary Soldiers72
13.Of Auxiliary, Mixed, and Native Troops77
14.The Duties of a Prince with regard to the Militia81
15.Of the things for which Men, and especially Princes, are praised or blamed84
16.Of Liberality and Niggardliness86
17.Of Cruelty and Clemency, and whether it is better to be loved or feared89
18.In what way Princes must keep Faith92
19.That we must avoid being despised and hated95
20.Whether Fortresses and other things which Princes often contrive are useful or injurious105
21.How a Prince must act in order to gain reputation110
22.Of the Secretaries of Princes114
23.How Flatterers must be shunned116
24.Why the Princes of Italy have lost their States118
25.How much Fortune can do in human affairs and how it may be opposed120
26.Exhortation to liberate Italy from the Barbarians124

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