Two Years Before the Mast

Two Years Before the Mast

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Overview

Two Years Before The Mast is Richard Henry Dana Jr.'s account of his life as a common seaman aboard the brig the Pilgrim which set out from Boston on August 14, 1835 destined for California by way of the treacherous Cape Horn.

Dana gives a detailed account of the workings of the ship, the day-to-day routines of the deck hands, and the brutal shortcomings of inept, tyrannical officers. This "author's edition" includes a chapter written by Dana twenty-four years after his initial voyage where he revisits some of the people, places and vessels that he had encountered on his original journey.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780451531254
Publisher: Penguin Publishing Group
Publication date: 04/07/2009
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 432
Sales rank: 404,046
Product dimensions: 4.10(w) x 6.70(h) x 1.40(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Gary Kinder is the author of Ship of Gold in the Deep Blue Sea. He lives in Seattle.

Read an Excerpt

Chapter I
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Excerpted from "Two Years Before the Mast"
by .
Copyright © 2009 Richard Henry Dana.
Excerpted by permission of Penguin Publishing Group.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Table of Contents

Chapter I.
Departure
First Impressions
Ship's Duties
Chapter II.
First Impressions
Ship's Duties
Chapter III.
Ship's Duties
Chapter IV.
Sundays At Sea
Trouble on Board
Land Ho
A Pampero
Cape Horn
Chapter V.
Cape Horn
A Visit
Chapter VI.
Loss Of a Man
Chapter VII.
Superstitions
Juan Fernandez
Putting the Vessel In Order
Chapter VIII.
Painting
Daily Life
Point Conception
Chapter IX.
Santa Barbara
Beach-Combing
A Southeaster
Chapter X.
A Southeaster
Passage Up the Coast
Chapter XI.
Passage Up the Coast
Monterey
Chapter XII.
Monterey
Chapter XIII.
Monterey
A British Sailor
Santa Barbara
Chapter XIV.
Hide Droghing
Discontent
San Pedro
Flogging
Chapter XV.
Flogging
Night On Shore
State of Things On Board
San Diego
Chapter XVI.
Liberty-Day On Shore
Chapter XVII.
San Diego
Desertion
San Pedro Again
Easter Sunday
Chapter XVIII.
Easter Sunday
Italian Sailors
San Juan
San Diego Again
Life on Shore
Chapter XIX.
Sandwich-Islanders
Hide-Curing
Wood-Cutting
Coyotes
Rattlesnakes
Chapter XX.
New Comers
People at the Hide-Houses
Leisure
Pilgrim News from Home
Pilgrim Occupations on the Beach
California and its Inhabitants
Chapter XXI.
California and its Inhabitants
Chapter XXII.
Life on the Beach
The Alert
Chapter XXIII.
New Ship and Shipmates
A Race
My Watchmate, Tom Harris
San Diego Again
Chapter XXIV.
A Descent
A Hurried Departure
A New Shipmate
Chapter XXV.
Rumors of War
A Spouter
Sudden Slipping for a Southeaster
To Windward
A Dry Gale
Chapter XXVI.
San Francisco
Monterey Revisited
Chapter XVII.
Monterey Revisited
A Set-to
A Decayed Gentleman
A Contrabandista
A Fandango
Chapter XVIII.
A Victim
California Rangers-Beach-Combers
News From Home
Last Looks
Chapter XXIX.
Loading for Home
A Surprise
Last of an Old Friend
The Last Hide
A Hard Case
An Anchor, for Home!
The Alert and California
Homeward Bound
Chapter XXX.
Homeward Bound
Our Passenger, Professor Nuttall
Homeward Bound
Chapter XXXI.
Bad Prospects
First Touch of Cape Horn
Iceburgs
Temperance Ships
Lying-Up
Ice
Difficulty on Board
Change of Course
Straits of Magellan
Chapter XXXII.
Ice Again
Disappointment
Cape Horn
Land Ho!
Chapter XXXIII.
Cracking On
Progress Homeward
A Fine Sight
Fitting Ship
By-Plane
Chapter XXXIV.
An Escape
Equator
Tropical Squalls
Tropical Thunder-Storm
Chapter XXXV.
A Reef-Topsail Breeze
Scurvy
A Friend in Need
Preparing for Port
Gulf Stream
Chapter XXXVI.
Soundings
Sights About Home
Boston Harbo
Leaving the Ship
Twenty Four Years After432

Reading Group Guide

1. Discuss Dana's motives for the voyage. What do you feel was the predominating factor in his decision to undertake such a journey? What were the risks involved, and how serious do you feel they were? What is your view of Dana's momentous choice?

2. What do you make of Dana's attitude toward religion, and religious instruction? Do you agree or not? Why? Is his a perspective that is anachronistic, or not?

3. How does social class play a role in the book? Discuss the implications of Dana's background. How did it affect his experience on the ship? Did you find it important, or inconsequential?

4. What is your opinion of the book's stark realism? Does Dana have an agenda in writing the book? If so, what is it? Do you think the experience was a positive one for Dana, or not?

5. What is the role of nature and the outdoors for Dana? How does he view the American West? How does his voyage attest to his view of the outdoors? Does this view change throughout his experience on the ship? If so, how?

6. Discuss the contrasts between Captain Thompson and Captain Faucon. How do their leadership skills differ? Who is more effective, and why? Discuss Dana's book on a political level. What do his portrayals of each captain reveal?

7. Discuss the considerable shift in Dana's perspective as evidenced in 'Twenty-Four Years After.' How do you account for this change? Do you agree or disagree with the author's decision to replace the original final chapter with this later account? Why or why not?

Foreword

1. ?Discuss Dana?s motives for the voyage. What do you feel was the predominating factor in his decision to undertake such a journey? What were the risks involved, and how serious do you feel they were? What is your view of Dana?s momentous choice?

2. ?What do you make of Dana?s attitude toward religion, and religious instruction? Do you agree or not? Why? Is his a perspective that is anachronistic, or not?

3. ?How does social class play a role in the book? Discuss the implications of Dana?s background. How did it affect his experience on the ship? Did you find it important, or inconsequential?

4. ?What is your opinion of the book?s stark realism? Does Dana have an agenda in writing the book? If so, what is it? Do you think the experience was a positive one for Dana, or not?

5. ?What is the role of nature and the outdoors for Dana? How does he view the American West? How does his voyage attest to his view of the outdoors? Does this view change throughout his experience on the ship? If so, how?

6. ?Discuss the contrasts between Captain Thompson and Captain Faucon. How do their leadership skills differ? Who is more effective, and why? Discuss Dana?s book on a political level. What do his portrayals of each captain reveal?

7. ?Discuss the considerable shift in Dana?s perspective as evidenced in ?Twenty-Four Years After.? How do you account for this change? Do you agree or disagree with the author?s decision to replace the original final chapter with this later account? Why or why not?

Customer Reviews

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Two Years Before the Mast 3.8 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 39 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Couldnt put it down. The writing is descriptive and colorful. I thought I'd just skim through this book but in the end I didn't want to miss a word . Written in layman's terms for the most part you do not have to understand nautical terms to read this book. I had no trouble reading this on my Nook as someone earlier stated. They must be doing something wrong! If you enjoy history and want a true acvount of what life was like on a merchant ship or in California in the mid1800's you will love this book!
andrew98 More than 1 year ago
This copy only fills top third to top half of the screen. This makes it annoying to read given that you have to turn the page so much more often.
Anonymous 28 days ago
A well written, accurate description of life on a sailing ship in the days of the tall ships. Read this acclaimed book to find out what it was really like.
tzelman on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Entirely engrossing account of sea-voyaging to California in 1836 to collect and prepare hides
amerynth on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Richard Henry Dana's book "Two Years Before the Mast" actually did remind me of the ocean -- my interest level in the book ebbed and flowed like the tides. I found much of his tale of sailing to be somewhat mundane, but every once in a while, he'll get into a story about a crew member that is utterly fascinating. I particularly enjoyed reading about his experiences in wild California... which was the very highlight of the book for me. Overall, this book would be best for someone with a particular interest in sailing (as opposed to a general interest in exploration.)
corinneblackmer on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
A harrowing tale of the life of a common sailor in 1840. The author, an undergraduate at Harvard, took to the sea because he thought it might improve his eyesight (after a bout with measles). The work is backbreaking; his witness to a flogging and the merciless discipline of the sea unforgettable. He returns two years later and, as he says, just in time before the brutality of the life of a common sailor would have consumed and overtaken him permanently. A moving plea for more compassionate treatment of common workers.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
The book is an interesting portrayal of life in California before the Union and the Gold Rush. I’m amazed that the author was able to capture so much detail of the area and of life aboard the ships. I wish I had seen the glossary in the back sooner, however, so that I would have better understood the parts of the ship he described, particularly the different sails that he referenced on the ships he sailed upon. Terry
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
A revealing tale of the life of a sailor and the California coast in the 1800's.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
psychmd More than 1 year ago
Appearing on many top 100 must read lists, this book deserves the acclaim. You smell the salt air and feel the cramped quarters of the narrator, a Harvard educated young man who takes on the adventure of a lifetime as a common sailor in the 1830's. A poignant portrayal of nautical life and California's early days as a part of Mexico. A unique personal history that stands the test of time.
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I went on the pilgrim for the book
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