Vocabulary for the New Science Standards

Vocabulary for the New Science Standards


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Impact science education with direct vocabulary instruction. With this three-part resource, you’ll discover a six-step process for successfully incorporating vocabulary from the science standards into student learning. Identify the crucial aspects of vocabulary education, and learn targeted strategies to actively engage students. Gain access to lists of essential scientific terms that will help you establish an effective, organized vocabulary program.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780991374892
Publisher: Marzano Research
Publication date: 12/15/2014
Series: Essentials for Principals Series
Pages: 240
Sales rank: 453,581
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 10.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

About the Authors ix

About Marzano Research xi

Introduction 1

Part I Vocabulary Instruction for the New Science Standards 3

1 The Importance of Vocabulary 5

Vocabulary Knowledge and Learning to Read 5

Vocabulary Knowledge and Reading Comprehension 6

Vocabulary and Socioeconomic Status 7

Vocabulary Growth Through Wide Reading 8

The Need for Vocabulary Instruction 9

Elements of Effective Vocabulary Instruction 11

Chapter Summary 13

2 A Six-Step Process for Direct Vocabulary Instruction 15

Step 1 Provide a Description, Explanation, or Example of the New Term 16

Step 2 Ask Students to Restate the Description, Explanation, or Example in Their Own Words 20

Step 3 Ask Students to Construct a Picture, Symbol, or Graphic Representing the Term or Phrase 24

Step 4 Engage Students Periodically in Activities That Help Them Add to Their Knowledge of the Terms in Their Vocabulary Notebooks 26

Step 5 Periodically Ask Students to Discuss the Terms With One Another 37

Step 6 Involve Students Periodically in Games That Allow Them to Play With Terms 42

Chapter Summary 46

3 Vocabulary Terms From the New Science Standards 47

General Academic Vocabulary 48

Domain-Specific Vocabulary 52

Chapter Summary 54

4 Building a Vocabulary Program 55

Selecting Terms to Teach 56

Assessing Vocabulary Knowledge 60

Chapter Summary 63

Part II General Academic Vocabulary Terms 65

Crosscutting Practices and Concepts 69

Engaging in Argument from Evidence (ARB] 69

Cause and Effect [C/E] 70

Analyzing and Interpreting Data [DATA) 70

Energy and Matter [E/M] 72

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions (E/S) 73

Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World (INFL) 74

Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information (INFO] 74

Interdependence of Science, Engineering, and Technology [INT] 76

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations [INV] 77

Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking [MET] 78

Developing and Using Models [MOD] 79

Patterns [PAT] 80

Asking Questions and Defining Problems (O/P) 80

Stability and Change (S/C) 81

Structure and Function (S/F) 82

Scale, Proportion, and Quantity [SPQ] 82

Systems and System Models [SYS] 83

Cognitive Verbs 85

Add To [ADD] 85

Arrange [ARR] 86

Compare/Contrast [C/C] 86

Collaborate [COLL] 87

Create [ORE] 88

Decide [DEC] 89

Define [DEF] 89

Evaluate [EVAL] 90

Execute [EXEC] 90

Explain (EXP] 91

Hypothesize [HYP] 93

Infer (INF) 93

Measure (MEAS) 93

Prove/Argue[P/A] 94

Problem Solve (PS) 95

Pull Apart [PULL] 95

Redo [REDO] 96

See the Big Picture (SBP] 96

Seek Information (SI) 97

Symbolize (SYM) 98

Think Metacognitively [TM] 98

Transform [TRANS] 99

Part III Domain-Specific Vocabulary Terms 101

Physical Science 103

Life Science 124

Earth and Space Science 147

Engineering 174

Appendix: Master List of Terms 179

Part II Categories 179

Part III Measurement Topics 180

Terms 182

References and Resources 211

Index 221

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