Technology now affects almost every aspect of Water Supply Management, Operation, Planning and Design; the speed of development means that assessing what is "new" is sometimes difficult. Old ideas can now be applied because of new technology; technology is now revealing problems that were unnoticed 10 years ago. Some emerging technologies promise much but are still underdeveloped for use in real world conditions, while we should always remember that "new" technology depends upon the state of development in respective countries, a point which is particularly relevant to the NATO Advanced Study Institute, for which this book has been produced. Thus our objective in producing the book has been to highlight, in a wide range of technical areas, where and how technology is being applied, what is "new" and what the limitations of these technologies are in the real world. We have also tried to provide an European and American perspective where possible to illustrate how problems are tackled in different cultural environments. It is probably true that "technology" is also somewhat dependent upon the political, economic and organisational climate in different countries and we have included a chapter covering these aspects.
Table of ContentsI: Water Supply Systems on the Threshold Of The 21st Century.- Introductory Statement.- 1. Urban Water Demand.- 2. Water Demand Has a Threshold.- 3. Availability and Selection of Sources of Water for Water Supply Systems.- 4. New Concepts for Water Supply Systems: What Kind of Water for What Purpose in the Future.- 5. Pollution Control for Urban Water Supply Systems.- 6. Wastewater Reuse a Worldwide Issue.- II: Water Supply Conveyance and Control.- Introductory Statement.- 7.Construction Methods Pipe Structural Requirements.- 2. Water Transfer Within Brussels Water Services.- 3. Transfer of Water and Data Management in Wessex Water UK.- 4. Control Valves Principles of Operatio.- III: New Technologies for Water Treatment.- Introductory Statement.- 1. New Technologies for Water Treatment: General Aspects.- 2. New Technologies for Water Treatment: Case Studies.- 3. Treatment of Drinking Water in the United States on the Threshold of the 21st Century.- IV: Emerging Problems and Technologies in Water Treatment.- Introductory Statement.- 1. Control of Disinfection By-Products in Drinking Water: Regulations Costs.- 2. Control of Disinfection By-Products in Drinking Water: Case Studies of Alternative Disinfection Technologies.- 3. Technological Aspects of Advanced Processes of Coagulation and Flocculation in Water Treatment.- 4. Study of Floc-Blanket Clarifier, Combined with Lamella Settlement under the Condition of Prolonged Coagulation.- V: Diagnosis And Rehabilitation of Existing Systems.- Introductory Statement.- 1. Measurement Methods for Diagnosis Rehabilitation of Existing Systems.- 2. Diagnosis and Rehabilitation of Existing Systems.- VI: The Application of Modelling in the Management of Water Supply Systems.- Introductory Statement.- 1. Water Supply Network Modelling its Application in Design Planning and Operational Management.- 2. Object-Oriented Hydroinformatics Tools for Water Distribution Analysis.- VII: Transient Flows.- Introductory Statement.- 1. Pumping Stations Transient Flow Analysis.- 2. Object-Oriented Tools for Transient Flow Analysis.- VIII: Use Of GIS and Remote Sensing in Water Supply.- Introductory Statement.- 1. Relevant GIS Remote Sensing Technology: Theoretical Considerations.- 2. Use of GIS and Remote Sensing in Water Supply: Applications.- 3. Application of GIS in Analysis and Design of Water Supply Systems.- 4. Geographical Information Systems and Digital Mapping for Water Supply Inventory.- IX: Institutional Social and Economic Aspects.- Introductory Statement.- 1. Historical Institutional Aspects.- 2. Management Option.- 3. Quality Management in Water Suppl.- 4. Examples of Existing Management Systems in Europ.- 5. Institutional Framework for Training of Specialists for Water Supply Systems: The Status and Problems to be Solve.